Quiz: How Well Do You Know the Protestant Reformation?

Irish Chapel

Who was called the “Morning Star of the Protestant Reformation”?

John Wycliffe
Correct! Wrong!

"John Wycliffe lived in the fourteenth century, dying in 1384. . . . Some have called him the 'Morning Star of the Reformation' because he openly taught many of the things that Luther himself taught in the sixteenth century, 200–300 years later." — Roger Olson

Which cultural movement played the most significant role in instigating the Reformation?

Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, and other Reformers
Correct! Wrong!

Jennifer Powell McNutt explains: "One cannot explore the emergence of the Protestant Reformation without talking about the contribution of Renaissance humanism—what I like to call 'the tie that binds.' As one scholar declared famously, 'No humanism, no Reformation.' Today, scholars concede that humanism alone did not instigate the Protestant Reformation. Nevertheless, there is no denying that it played a significant role in the emergence and expansion of the Protestant Reformation throughout Europe."

The first of Luther’s 95 Theses was a Bible translation criticism.

Martin Luther
Correct! Wrong!

This one's true! Luther specifically addressed the Vulgate's rendering of Matthew 4:17, arguing that Jesus was teaching his hearers to repent, not to do penance.

In the 95 Theses, Martin Luther was the first to condemn the Catholic Church’s commercialization of selling indulgences.

Correct! Wrong!

The practice of selling indulgences had been criticized since at least the Fourth Lateran Council, over 300 years prior to the 95 Theses. Furthermore, this wasn't the first time Luther condemned the practice—and he wasn't advocating ending the practice of indulgences, just reforming them.

In what ways did Renaissance humanism prepare the way for the Reformation?

Leonardo da Vinci's painting of the Last Supper.
Correct! Wrong!

One of the biggest impacts of Renaissance humanism was the idea of ad fontes, a Latin phrase meaning "to the sources." People were returning to all things original—the Bible's original languages (Greek and Hebrew), the Church fathers, and even the Bible itself.

How old was John Calvin when he wrote the first edition of his Institutes of Christian Religion?

Correct! Wrong!

Would you believe Calvin was only 27 when he published the first edition of Institutes? Shocking, but true.

How long did it take for the 95 Theses to circulate in Germany?

Martin Luther statue
Correct! Wrong!

Johannes Gutenberg's printing press helped new publications catch on quickly. That's why it only took two weeks for Luther's 95 Theses to make their way throughout Germany.

What brought Ulrich Zwingli to believe the doctrine of Christ alone?

Ulrich Zwingli
Correct! Wrong!

It was a poem from Desiderius Erasmus. Zwingli wrote, "I shall not withhold from you, dear brethren in Christ Jesus, how it was I arrived at the firm conviction that we need no other mediator than Christ, and that none but Christ alone can mediate between God and man. Eight or nine years ago I read a poem of Erasmus, of Rotterdam, on the Lord Jesus, wherein Jesus complains that men do not seek all good from him, who is the source of all good, the Savior, Refuge, and Treasure of the soul. Whereupon I reflected, 'If that is so, why then do we seek help from any creature?'"

Luther was excited to translate the 95 Theses into German.

Correct! Wrong!

Luther wrote the 95 Theses in Latin, the language of the Catholic Church. Luther didn't intend for the Theses to be published in German, and they were translated into German without his permission. The Reformer's "concerns originally intended for the attention of the scholars and clergy of the Church became fodder for the masses."

Why did Calvin write the first edition of his Institutes?

John Calvin
Correct! Wrong!

It's all of them. Jesse Myers writes, "Calvin boldly included an address to the king of France in this first (very slim) edition of the Institutes. He hoped to provide a statement of the beliefs of the persecuted French Protestants, which would refute the misunderstandings and untruths that were being spread about them and prove his case that the Reformers were legitimate heirs of the Church fathers."

Quiz: How Well Do You Know the Protestant Reformation?
You're newer to studying the Reformation.

Coffee mug says "begin."

You know some Church history, but there's so much more to learn! Here's a great place to start: Church History for Modern Ministry by Dayton Hartman. See why Tony Merida calls this book "an enjoyable, readable, trustworthy book that helps us see the theological and ministerial value of studying our history."
You’re not a newbie to studying the Reformation.

Good job! You’ve studied some—now increase your knowledge with Milestones of the Protestant Reformation, a 4-hour course by Jennifer Powell McNutt. With Logos Mobile Education, you can take the course at your own pace from anywhere you go.
You're a Reformation expert!

You really knew a lot! Even experts have more to learn, though. We recommend going through Mobile Ed's three-course Reformation Bundle to gain a deeper understanding of the history and legacy of the Reformation.
You're a Reformation scholar!

Whoa, did you read the 95 Theses in Latin? Study essential works from Martin Luther or John Calvin to explore the Reformation through the eyes of people who lived it.
Written by
Faithlife Staff

Faithlife (makers of Logos Bible Software) is the largest developer of Bible study software and creator of the world's first integrated ministry platform—a full suite of ministry, communication, and management tools for churches.

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Written by Faithlife Staff