Logos 5: Ellipses in the Reverse Interlinear

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

A friend and fellow Logos user recently emailed me the following scenario:

I came to John 1:34 in my study of the subject of election. As I looked at the verse in the NASB reverse interlinear, I noticed a dot (bullet) between the words “the” and “son”. What does that mean?

This is an excellent observation and question. First, I’ll set up what he was viewing.

  • Open the NASB to John 1:34 (A)
  • Notice the verse says “. . . this is the Son of God” (B)


  • Click the Display link on the Bible’s toolbar (C)
  • Select InlineSurface, and Lemma (dictionary form of a word) (D)


  • Notice the verse now reads “. . . this is the • Son of God” (E)
  • Look underneath the bullet and you’ll see a Greek lemma (F)


In the reverse interlinear, this bullet represents an ellipsis.

The bullet may appear on the English line of text, meaning an original Hebrew or Greek word wasn’t translated in the English Bible, or the bullet may be on the lemma line, indicating an English word was inserted for clarification or smooth reading.

Even though the specific lemma wasn’t translated in John 1:34 in the NASB, with the interlinear information displayed, the lemma line is an active line of text.

  • Right click the bullet (G)
  • Select Lemma (H)
  • Select Search this resource (I)


Look carefully at the search results, which display every occurrence of this word in the Greek text on which the English Bible is based, whether it’s translated in English or not (J).


A situation like this may raise more questions than it answers, but Logos guides and resources can help:

  • Generate an Exegetical Guide (Guides | Exegetical Guide) for John 1:34 and pay close attention to the Apparatuses section, containing resources pointing out differences in the original language texts (K)
  • Generate a Passage Guide (Guides | Passage Guide)  for John 1:34, and in the Commentaries section, locate critical or textual commentaries you may own, which normally explain the variances in the original-language texts (L)


While this scenario certainly isn’t an everyday occurrence in your Bible study, when you do come across an ellipsis, you know there’s some assistance for you in Logos.

If you’re looking for more assistance in navigating reverse interlinears, check out our other training materials.

Introducing the 125-Volume Romans Collection

the-romans-collection-125-volumesWe heard you liked Paul’s epistle to the Romans.

So we handpicked 125 diverse and key volumes in the study, interpretation, translation, and exegesis of Paul’s magnum opus. We made sure to encompass a wide variety of traditions, perspectives, and levels of scholarly depth to create a well-rounded collection.

What exactly is it?

The Romans Collection is an enormous collection of modern commentaries, classic commentaries, and monographs that study Romans’ socio-historical context, Greek text, Pauline thought, Jewish background—you get the idea.

We’ve pulled together commentaries from Pillar, the New American Commentary, the College Press NIV Commentary, the Socio-Rhetorical Commentary, the International Critical Commentary, and many more.

This collection even features classics—Charles Hodge, John Calvin, Henry Cowles, J.B. Lightfoot, Charles Gore, Albert Barnes, and many others.

It also includes perspectives from almost every Christian tradition imaginable (Evangelical, Baptist, Methodist/Wesleyan, Anglican, Roman Catholic, Reformed, Charismatic/Pentecostal, Lutheran, Unitarian, and more).

That’s a lot of stuff on Romans

Yes, but we’re just getting warmed up. These statistics just scratch the surface:

  • Over 90 volumes are commentaries
  • Over 40 of those commentaries were published in the past 40 years
  • Over 40,000 pages contain verse-by-verse commentary (imagine that in your Passage Guide)
  • Over 30 volumes deal specifically with Paul based on the context or content of Romans

That must be expensive . . .

Individually, these volumes would cost you $2,838.50 from our store, but bundled together with an introductory discount, you save more than 70%! Right now, you can get this expansive for only $749.95. Don’t have $749.95 sitting around? Monthly payments come to around $67/month for just 12 months.

If $67/month is still too steep, don’t be surprised to find your personal price a bit lower. Dynamic Pricing can significantly lower your price if you already own any of this collection’s volumes. You’ll only pay for the books you don’t already own in Logos.

Visit Logos.com and sign in to see your personalized discount.

So, what’s the catch?

If it seems like a dream come true, we hate to burst your bubble, but this dream won’t last forever. The Romans Collection’s price is increasing to $1,199.95 on October 24, so act fast to secure these savings!

Get $100 Off This Month’s Top Product!

logos-top-product-october-interpretationThis month only, you can save $100.00 on one of our best-selling theological resources—Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (INT).1

Through October 31, you can add this 43-volume collection to your Logos library at a special discount. Just use coupon code INTERPRET at checkout to save.

Enhance your understanding of key biblical texts

The Interpretation series takes a closer look at the ancient biblical text by incorporating a dialogue with the critical questions and problems of contemporary life and faith.

Each commentary expands on specific passages that are commonly used in teaching and preaching—you’ll gain a comprehensive understanding of early biblical concepts that were once complex and difficult to communicate with aspiring Bible scholars.

What people are saying about the INT

Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (INT) has received widespread acclaim because of the meaningful way it offers an interpretation of biblical text, combining historical scholarship and theological purpose from teachers, preachers, and serious students of the Bible:

The Interpretation series from Westminster John Knox Press is clearly established as a rich source for teaching and preaching. They have tapped the talents of a varied and esteemed group of contributors, resulting in what is clearly the essential comprehensive commentary series on the Bible.

—W. Eugene March, A.B. Rhodes Professor of Old Testament Emeritus at Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary

The Interpretation series is an invaluable resource for any leader or scholar interested in interpreting the biblical text to the broader church. Its works are essential for pastors, educators, and church libraries.

—Brian K. Blount, president and professor of New Testament at Union Theological Seminary

Get it today!

Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (INT) gives you full-length commentaries on the Old and New Testaments, as well as a detailed introduction by each of its 41 esteemed authors.

Take advantage of limited-time savings on this renowned resource—get $100.00 off Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching (INT) today when you use coupon code INTERPRET at checkout.

  1. Total savings may vary depending on your Dynamic Pricing discount. []

Last Chance: Save on the David W. Baker Old Testament Bundle

mobile-ed-david-w-baker-old-testament-bundleThe two-course David W. Baker Old Testament Bundle is shipping soon: pre-order these courses for 40% off before the price goes up!

These courses are more than just academic studies—they cover content important for both life and ministry. You’ll discover the practicality of wisdom literature, the beauty of Hebrew poetry, and the relevance of Old Testament prophecy. Dr. Baker is excited to show you that, even among the Minor Prophets, there’s an abundance of rich material that will preach.

If you’re just starting to read and study the Old Testament, or if you’ve been hesitant to preach or teach through the Old Testament’s challenging genres, these courses are perfect for you! You’ll get two valuable courses, which integrate into your Logos library:

  • OT102 Introducing the Old Testament: Its Poetry and Prophecy (4 hours)
  • OT232 A Survey of Amos, Joel, Obadiah, and Malachi (6 hours)

Dr. David W. Baker is professor of Old Testament and Semitic languages at Ashland Theological Seminary, and he has authored a number of commentaries, including volumes in the NIV Application Commentary series, the Tyndale Commentaries, and the Cornerstone Biblical Commentary series. If you’re looking to better understand God’s message in the Old Testament, Dr. Baker is the perfect guide.

Last chance to save!

Save 40% on these courses while you can by pre-ordering the David W. Baker Old Testament Bundle. Claim yours today!

New to Mobile Ed?

Logos Mobile Education is advancing the standard of theological education. With Mobile Ed, you can learn from renowned teachers and integrate their carefully designed courses with your Logos library. Mobile Ed is a new way to learn, as well as a new way to grow in your ministry, scriptural knowledge, and spiritual walk.

Learn more about Logos Mobile Ed.

Master the 15 Document Types: Part 2

Logos 5’s documents menu gives you 11 different document types (and Documents.Logos.com reveals four more). Each one works a little differently, so you’ll always have the right tool for the job.

Last week we explored the first five; this week we’ll tackle the remaining ten.

To see examples of all 15 document types, join the Logos Sample Documents Faithlife group.

6. Reading plan

Logos scores top marks as a research tool. Tagging powers some of the most useful searching available anywhere. Tools like Clause Search and the Bible Word Study eliminate thousands of hours spent flipping pages and scanning book indexes.

But if you’d like to read a book from cover to cover, Logos performs just as admirably, thanks to the reading-plan document type. Construct a reading plan for any book in your library on a schedule that fits your lifestyle. Reading plans are especially helpful on devotionals, like the one below that I built for Lent based on 40 Days to the Cross: Reflections from Great Thinkers.


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7. Sentence diagram

If, like many, you learned sentence diagramming on the first day of your hermeneutics class, you’ll love this document type. Import a passage in either an English translation or its original language, and use a huge set of tools to chart your way through the text. I particularly love the pencil tool, which interprets my squiggles into perfectly straight lines.


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8. Word-find puzzle

It’s not all hard work in the documents menu—the word-find puzzle turns a Scripture passage into an brain-expanding mental exercise that’s more a game than a study tool. It’s easy to use, and it’s great for the moments when you need to look up from your study and catch your breath. And if you teach a children’s Sunday school class, these puzzles will be a big hit!


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Note: These next two types—syntax search & visual filters—represent the overlap between the documents menu and your search tools. Both are search types that can be saved for later use or shared with others on Documents.Logos.com.

9. Syntax search

Find Syntax Search—a powerful language tool that empowers you to find particular sentence structures in Scripture—under the search menu. But since these searches are complex and take longer than usual to construct, you can also save your search parameters as a document.


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10. Visual filter

Perform a real-time search in the text of your Bible using a visual filter. You can create visual filters, then turn them on or off using the display menu (which looks like a Venn diagram) whenever you have a Bible open.

In the example below, I’ve created a visual filter that highlights all the imperative verbs, drawing attention to the call to action at the end of Peter’s sermon in Acts 2. I started with a new filter (created from the documents menu), switched over to “morph” search and typed an “@” in the search box. Logos suggested various parts of speech for me to choose from. I chose verb, and Logos suggested various tenses, voices, moods, and so on. I chose the imperative mood. In the final step, I chose the “On Fire” style for Logos to mark imperative verbs.


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11. Word list

Good Bible scholars spend hours tabulating the number of times a word is used in a particular passage. But a word-list document will do that for you in three clicks.

With a Bible and new word list open side by side, just highlight the passage you’re studying, and choose to “add from selected text.” From there, you can drag the various columns up to group the entire list according to that criteria.


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NOTE: These last four types do not appear in the documents menu, but you may see them on Documents.Logos.com.

12. Presentation

Your Proclaim presentations are stored and can be shared through Documents.Logos.com. If you haven’t used Proclaim, you can try it free for 30 days!

13. Resource collection

Create custom resource collections to quickly search subsections of your library. These subsections are then stored as resource collections on Documents.Logos.com, so you can share them with others.

A team from the Logos forums has created resource collections for virtually every denomination and belief tradition and made them available through their Faithlife group. You can benefit from their hard work right now!

And if you like that, you may also enjoy the Logos Author Collections group.

14. Guide template

Logos comes with five powerful done-for-you guides that search sections of your library with the right tools for the type of study you’re doing.

In addition to these five, you can create your own guides, mixing and matching tools suit your study needs. For example, I have a guide that searches all of my collections grouped by author, so I can quickly get an overview of what particular scholars have to say about a subject or passage. I have another guide that searches my collections grouped by denomination, so I can get an overview of how different faith traditions handle a subject or passage.

15. Highlighting palette

Logos comes loaded with several highlighting palettes, but you may prefer to create your own—perhaps matching the colors you’ve used for years in your favorite paper Bible. Your custom highlighting palette becomes a document that you can share with others on Documents.Logos.com.

* * *

Get a Logos 5 base package today and get access to thousands of Bible study resources, plus powerful study tools like these 15 document types.

To see examples of each document type, join the Logos Sample Documents Faithlife group.

Not Your Average Bible Study for Your Church

not-your-average-bible-study-seriesLexham Press has shipped the three newest volumes in the Not Your Average Bible Study Series. If you’ve ordered the collection already, you should already have Sermon on the Mount: Living for God’s Kingdom, 1 Peter: We Are Refugees, and 1­–3 John: Radical Hospitality in your Logos library. For those of you who were waiting until these three volumes shipped, now is the perfect time to get them!

Updates to the Logos editions

In addition to shipping these three volumes, we’ve also gone back and updated Logos editions of the first nine volumes in the series.

Since these were developed for Bible Study Magazine, a print publication, we assumed that a physical Bible would be present with you as you worked through these Bible studies. In each volume, we included instructions to underline, highlight, and physically interact with your Bible.

These instructions don’t really work in a digital publication, especially one that is enhanced with all of the amazing features in Logos Bible Software. We’ve updated these instructions in the digital editions to utilize the various tools built into the software so that your study is more efficient than ever! These updates should be ready within a few weeks.

Ordering for your church or Bible study group?

The Not Your Average Bible Study Series works great for both individual study and group study—it’s designed for both settings.

Together, with your community, you’ll be able to:

  • Understand the Bible’s ancient context
  • Ask the same questions scholars ask
  • Apply the Bible to your life, each step along the way
  • Tell the biblical story as part of your own story

If you’re interested in purchasing bulk orders of either the digital or print editions, our sales team (800-875-6467) is ready—give them a call today.

Whether you’ve been studying the Bible your whole life or you’re just getting started, the Not Your Average Bible Study Series will empower you to go deeper into the Bible.

Now’s your chance to jump into deeper Bible study.

Announcing the New Noet.com

Noet_LaunchPromo_Logos_Blog-V2Noet is committed to providing classical, ancient, and modern works for a wide range of scholarly application. And now, you can experience the new Noet.com.

Noet’s updated site is now here—visit Noet.com and see what’s new!

Navigate with ease

Explore Noet.com’s fresh new design. Find better functionality that flows seamlessly. Check out the homepage to see what Noet can do for you.

You can also browse over 600 products ranging from history to philosophy to ethics. Add these timeless works and important resources to your library today.

Explore new ideas

Dive into rich content with our new blog. The Noet blog is focused solely on scholarly work. You’ll find substantial writing focused around important philosophical ideas, geared specifically toward students of the classics. Gain academic insight alongside the Noet community as you dive deeper into classic works and enter into discussions on pressing topics with like-minded scholars.

The Noet blog is dedicated to helping you study, updating you on new products, and giving you the support you need. Subscribe to the Noet blog to ensure that you never miss a beat.

Engage new resources

Explore the texts that shaped history through Noet’s newest titles—check out The Noet Introduction Series. This series equips you engage classic thinkers in their original Greek and Latin.

Each collection contains authoritative editions of the original-language manuscript with an English translation, as well as a contemporary Greek and Latin language textbook and a basic lexicon selected to fit the text at hand. It has never been easier for lovers of the classics to study these texts in the works’ original languages.

Get the most out of your classical studies with Noet. Visit Noet.com today!

Webinar Recap: Streamline Your Sermon Preparation

logos-5-webinar-free-trainingLast week, in a webinar hosted by Logos expert Todd Bishop, we outlined some key steps in assisting you with your sermon preparation using Logos 5.

Todd shared ways to create custom layouts that are easy to use and navigate. He also demonstrated how to manage your workspace to match your work preferences and explained how to save your shortcuts to your most-used workspaces so you can easily access them later.

If you missed the webinar, don’t worry! You can still watch the recording anytime you want and learn about streamlining your sermon preparation from this training session:

During this webinar, we featured the Tim Keller Sermon Archive, which includes 1,233 sermons covering Keller’s preaching from 1989 to 2011.  When integrated into your digital library, these transcripts are enhanced by amazing functionality.

We’re planning additional virtual training events like this. Let us know via Facebook or Twitter what type of training you’d like to see!

New Lower Price on the NIDNTTE!

new-international-dictionary-of-new-testament-theology-and-exegesisThe price has dropped on the five-volume New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis.

Pre-Pub prices often go up as a product gets closer to shipping. Typically, even when you pre-order early and the price goes up, you still get it at the lower price.

This is a rare exception where the Pre-Pub price has gone down.

We’ve been working with the publisher to make the NIDNTTE available for pre-order at a discount. So if you’ve been sitting on the sidelines, now’s your chance to pre-order this set at a much lower price!

We don’t know how long we’ll be able to offer the NIDNTTE at this price. You need to pre-order now to ensure your chance to get this discount. Even if the price goes up later, you’ll still get it at today’s price.

We also won’t charge your credit card until this product ships, and we’ll send you a reminder a few weeks in advance.

If you’ve already pre-ordered the NIDNTTE at the previous price, you do not need to worry about changing your order—we’ve already updated your account to use this new price.

About the NIDNTTE

Enhance your Greek studies with the valuable features in this latest version. You’ll get:

  • Thorough New Testament dictionary and exegesis
  • Works edited by highly acclaimed biblical scholar Moises Silva
  • New updates to entries, discussions, bibliographies, and indexes
  • Improvements to the original layout, featuring entries arranged in alphabetical order

Take advantage of this series’ new lower price and pre-order now! Remember, we won’t charge your card until it ships.

Pre-order the New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis today!

Logos 5: Exploring Lemmas with the Same Root

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

A Logos user recently presented this question to me:

I’ve noticed Logos includes the root words for Greek lemmas in English Bibles with the reverse interlinear. How might these root words be used in actual Bible study?

Excellent question! While this blog post will certainly not exhaust all that could be said, hopefully a few insights may get you started using this tool.

First, let’s begin with a few definitions

  • The manuscript form of a word refers to the actual word the biblical author used.
  • The lemma or lexical form of a word refers to how the word is “looked up” or referenced in a traditional dictionary of lexicon.
  • The root is the word from which the lemma is derived.

In very simple terms, manuscript forms are derived from lemmas, which are derived from roots.

Let’s explore this more with a specific biblical example found in Galatians 6:1, in which Paul instructs: 

. . . if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness . . .

  • Open the ESV to Galatians 6:1 (A)
  • Right click the word restore (B)
  • Select Root | Search this resource (C)


  • Click Aligned in the search panel (D) to see in a center column the various ways different lemmas with the same root are translated in English (E)


  • Click Analysis to display a spreadsheet of the results (F)
  • Right click on a column header (G)
  • Select at least these categories: Reference, Lemma (Greek), Result, and Sense (please note that Sense does not appear in all Logos base packages) (H)


  • Drag one at a time Lemma (Greek) and Sense to the top of the spreadsheet (I) in order to group the results according to these categories (J)


Here’s what you’re viewing in the spreadsheet:

  • The various NT Greek lemmas derived from the same root (K)
  • The various ways the lemmas are translated in the ESV (L)
  • The sense or contextual meaning of each lemma (M)
  • Different senses or meanings for the same lemma (N)


As you work with these results please keep these cautions in mind:

  • Don’t automatically assume a lemma has the exact same meaning as its root
  • Don’t automatically assume lemmas derived from the same root share the same meaning
  • Don’t automatically assume a lemma has the exact same meaning in every place it occurs in Scripture

With these cautions firmly in mind, it’s interesting to observe that running throughout the related lemmas are the ideas of repaircorrectprepareequip, and mature. Perhaps these lemmas and meanings provide further insights into the concept of restoring in Galatians 6:1.

By combining a search for the root and the Analysis view of the results, you can explore in detail the various facets of a word!

If this was helpful to you, check out our other training materials to help you master your Logos software.