Which NT Manuscript is the Oldest?


The Bible is the most copied and re-copied book in history—and this is both a blessing and a curse. It means we have ample manuscript evidence for the Old and New Testaments; it also means we have ample textual variants we need to work through.

The ancient manuscripts upon which our modern printed Hebrew Bible and Greek New Testament are based can be categorized in several ways: 1. by the location of their composition; 2. by their language; and 3. by the writing material used—and much more. With Logos, you can sort all the manuscripts according to these and other categories. You can quickly discover manuscripts of a certain type, style, or age without being an expert in the field of textual criticism. You can look at the very same evidence used by modern textual critics and Bible translators. [Read more…]

Save 30% on the Popular Patristics Series, Part 3


One of the biggest untapped sources of spiritual wisdom and insight are the writings of the early church fathers. From Hadrian’s Wall in England to northern Africa, these early Christians across multiple continents wrote about, discussed, prayed over, and even suffered because of various debated doctrines—like the Trinity and the Incarnation. Modern Christians often take these early church fathers’ toil for granted, making do with partial or outdated translations that sound more like King James than St. Jerome. [Read more…]

The Wisdom of Christ’s Atonement


Christians around the world will reflect on the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ this Easter weekend. In The Reconciling Wisdom of God, Adam Johnson explores the meaning of Jesus’ death and resurrection in light of God’s wisdom, rather than an act of justice. In this excerpt, Johnson reveals how this shift in perspective expands our understanding of Christ’s atonement.

The primary power and efficiency of Christ’s atonement do not lie in his death, for death is but an “uncouth hideous thing.” Rather, the power and efficiency of Christ’s atonement lie in his resurrection. On this side of the resurrection, death has a new countenance, a new hue. Color has been put in his face, and he has become a friend, full of favor and grace. [Read more…]

How to Use a Critical Commentary If You’re an Evangelical

Logos sells many different commentaries. Literally thousands. They all fall into different categories, and here’s one schema you could use to organize them (borrowed from here, though there are others):

  1. Devotional/practical commentaries (NIVAC, LABC) focus on applying the Bible to real life.
  2. Pastoral/homiletical commentaries (REC, MNTC) were originally sermons and primarily provide models for other preachers.
  3. Exegetical commentaries (NAC, NICNT) go deep, but typically reserve Greek and Hebrew for footnotes.
  4. Critical commentaries (ICC, WBC) go a bit deeper and assume knowledge of the original biblical languages.

[Read more…]

Last Chance: Get From Bondage to Liberty—Free!

There are only a few more days left to get From Bondage to Liberty: The Gospel according to Moses, for free!

The March Free Book of the Month focuses on the redemptive-historical aspects of Moses’ life and ministry as detailed in the books of Exodus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. You’ll see how Moses, as mediator of the old covenant, is a precursor to Jesus Christ, the mediator of a new and better covenant. [Read more…]

Last Chance: Save $600+ on Library of NT Studies: 2015

During March’s monthly sale, you’ll enjoy significant savings on a wide variety of resources—but the best deal is one you don’t want to miss.

Get 35 volumes of top scholarship for 62% off

The Library of New Testament Studies is one of the oldest and most important monograph series ever produced on the New Testament, and includes recent work from distinguished scholars such as Craig Evans, John Kloppenburg, and Urban C. von Wahlde, as well as a number of young scholars whose work is already powerfully influencing the field.

And 2015 was a banner year, featuring an array of fascinating titles including Crucifixion and New Creation, Paul, Scribe, of Old and New, The Ritualized Revelation of the Messianic Age, Luke’s Christology of Divine Identity, and Children in Early Christian Narratives.

Now through March 31, you can add every installment of the series published in 2015—a massive 35-volume collection—for 62% off. That’s a savings of over $600!

These volumes cover key developments in historical, cultural, linguistic, theological, and hermeneutical questions driving current New Testament study.

In Logos, they’re enhanced by amazing functionality, with linked library resources, searches, powerful study tools, and much more. You can also take your study with you with tablet and mobile apps.

Add this collection to your library today.

And don’t forget to check out all the other great resources on sale now!

Browse the deals before March ends.

Discover the Crossway Biblical-Theological Introduction for 30% Off!


As a complex and multifaceted piece of ancient literature, the Bible blends poetry and narrative, proverbs and creation stories, apocalypses and letters. It can seem intimately familiar or altogether foreign to modern readers.

That’s where the Crossway Biblical-Theological Introduction Collection (2 vols.) comes in. Covering every book of the Bible, these two volumes offer introductory notes and overviews to help you read the Bible with clarity.

Each title in this collection contains chapters by well-known evangelical scholars, including Miles Van Pelt, Michael J. Kruger, Simon J. Kistemaker, Mark D. Futato, and more. The collection will prepare you to approach biblical texts with a deeper knowledge of history and themes, and connect the message of Scripture with the person and work of Jesus.

For a limited time, the Crossway Biblical-Theological Introduction Collection is available to order on Pre-Pub for over 30% off the retail price. Lock in the discount and study the Bible alongside respected biblical scholars with two of the best biblical introduction resources available anywhere.

Order the Crossway Biblical-Theological Introduction Collection today for 30% off!

Top 10 Biggest Savings in Logos March Madness

The results are in, the discounts are set, and it’s time to save. The Logos March Madness champions are NICOT/NT and Jason DeRouchie’s Old Testament exegesis course. But those aren’t the only deals available. Through the end of the month, you can save on every commentary and course featured in the competition.

That means you only have until March 31 to pick up some of our best resources at some of the biggest savings we’ve ever offered.

But which should you choose? If you’re out to save the most possible, we’ve got you covered. Here are the top 10 best deals, broken down by commentaries and courses, and based on how much money you’ll save (not necessarily percentage off).

[Read more…]

An Ancient Story with Astonishing Relevance

The traditional interpretation of the book of Ruth is a beautiful love story between the eponymous Moabite and Boaz, the wealthy Israelite landowner. But this book is not a Disney movie. In her new book, Carolyn Custis James reveals a bracing, more relevant interpretation of this Old Testament book. In this excerpt from Finding God in the Margins, we see how this ancient narrative speaks directly into many of the problems facing society today.

Where the book of Ruth lands in the Bible is significant. In the Jewish Bible, the book of Ruth is located after the book of Proverbs as a beautiful example of wisdom living, a.k.a. living in the fear of God. In the Christian Bible, Ruth follows the book of Judges and precedes 1 Samuel. Viewed at the macro level, this narrative forms a sturdy bridge between the “years when the judges ruled” (Ruth 1:1) and the monarchy of King David (4:18–22). At the micro level the story centers on urgent family issues and Ruth’s reinterpretation of three Mosaic laws: gleaning, levirate, and kinsman-redeemer. Ruth lives on the hungry side of the law, so her perspective differs dramatically from Boaz’s. His willingness to listen to her (which is one of the jaw-dropping aspects of this story) moves him from the letter to the spirit of the law. As a result, a hungry widow is fed, and a dying family is rescued.

[Read more…]

7 Key Elements of the Doctrine of Scripture

What are the key elements of the doctrine of Scripture?

While there is no official list, there is general consensus. This article simply summarizes them. It is not an attempt to wade into any debates, only to refresh our minds and point out helpful resources for further learning—including a new documentary on the authority of Scripture.

Here are those traditional categories succinctly stated, followed by brief commentary.

Inspiration: The linchpin of the doctrines of Scripture, inspiration means that all the words of Scripture are God’s words (2 Tim. 3:16). John Frame says that inspiration “means that God takes words of human beings and makes them his own…. [It] is a divine act creating an identity between a divine word and a human word” (Systematic Theology, 594).” [Read more…]