Apostolic Fathers and Syntactic Analysis

Most folks who have been around Logos for awhile know that I’m pretty excited about the writings of the Apostolic Fathers. I mean, I am spending a large chunk of my “free” time working on an interlinear of the Greek portions of these writings (it’s getting closer, thank you for asking).

Just think about it: these are guys who lived and wrote shortly after the time of the apostles (Peter, Paul, James, John, etc.), let’s say between 90–200 AD. Tradition reports some of them were direct disciples of apostles. For instance, Polycarp of Smyrna is reputed to have been a student of John (reported by Irenaeus, a student of Polycarp). Clement of Rome, according to tradition, also has ties to Peter and Paul due to them all having ties to Rome.

I get excited about these writings because they are some of the earliest records we have of Christians writing, thinking and putting the gospel into practice. They’re working out the issues. And they get some stuff wrong, just like we do. But the early church took these writings seriously. After all, the Epistle of Barnabas and Shepherd of Hermas were part of Codex Sinaiticus (one of the oldest manuscripts containing the complete Bible text, dating to the fourth century) and Codex Alexandrinus (another early Bible codex, dating in the fifth century, likely) had First Clement and Second Clement after the New Testament.

I was reminded about this again at BibleTech:2011 as two different presenters (not to mention other folks I spoke with) mentioned in their presentations how useful it would be to have more and deeper analyses of the Apostolic Fathers available.

The texts are clearly important. They help us understand early Christianity a little better and they help us understand Greek (both words and grammar/syntax) a little better. BDF (a standard reference grammar for Hellenistic Greek) references the Apostolic Fathers frequently, as does BDAG. It is rumored that Daniel Wallace, in an upcoming revision to his Exegetical Syntax, will extensively supplement his material with references to the Apostolic Fathers (see here for details).

With all of this stuff happening, it seemed like a good time to remind people that we at Logos (myself included) would absolutely love to do a Cascadia-style syntactic analysis of the Greek writings of the Apostolic Fathers. It’s been on Pre-Pub for over a year now and has languished.

If you think this would be beneficial to you in your studies, you could help bring it closer by subscribing to the Pre-Pub. While useful for searching, I find these analyses useful for reading too. They help me get an idea of how each clause is put together. Over time this has helped me immensely. Now when I consult Greek text in a format that isn’t graphed (like, on my iPod on Sunday mornings during church) I can see the structures even better as I work through the text.

Below is a sample (a mock-up; no, we haven’t really done this much work) of Ignatius to Polycarp, 2.3a:

Polycarp

Here’s a translation: “The time seeks for you, like shipmasters [seek for] wind and like storm-tossed sailors [seek for] harbor, to reach to God.”

Oh, yeah: If you’re really into this stuff, we have proposed doing a Cascadia-style syntactic analysis of the Septuagint as well (more info in a previous blog post).

Leave us a comment and let us know what you think about our syntactic analysis projects.

How To: Visualize the Bible with Logos Bible Software

Word Tree: God Is

Word Tree: God Is

The ability to visualize the Bible means more than being able to vividly picture people, places, or events recored in Scripture.

With Logos Bible Software 4, it also means being able to see the actual text of Scripture in a way you’ve never seen it before. To do so, familiarize yourself with the Passage Analysis tool (available in Original Language Library and above). One part of this tool is the Word Tree.

Using the Word Tree, we recently posted an image of Psalms and Genesis 1 to our Facebook Fan page that clearly and beautifully displayed God’s words and actions in diagram form.

We though it would be helpful first to show you how to do these on your own, and then invite you to show us what you can do.

Get started by watching this short video:

As you can see, in just a few steps you can capture your favorite passage using the Word Tree.

To summarize the video, go to Tools | Passage Analysis and select Word Tree. Enter a biblical reference in the passage box like Genesis 1 or 1 Corinthians 13, or get a broader view by entering a full book like Psalms or Revelation. Next, type a word or phrase in the box to the right of the passage such as God, love, or God is.

Now comes the fun part!

Take a screen capture and share your best Word Tree image with us by uploading yours to Facebook and tagging Logos Bible Software (of course, you’ll have to Like us first). Feel free to share the link to your Word Tree image by leaving a comment.

Logos 4: Open Files from the Command Box

mp|seminars Tips

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos training seminars.

 

On the File menu in Logos you can create all sorts of documents: Notes, Visual Filters, Prayer Lists, etc. After a while you will have a long list of documents on the File menu so finding the one you want to open may be challenging. Here is but one way among many to quickly open a document from the long list:

  • Let’s say you created a Passage List called Adoption Verses
  • In the Command box type Open Adoption
  • Click Open Passage List named Adoption Verses from the drop down list of commands

The document opens without your ever having to go to the File menu!

What file type do you commonly use? Leave us a comment and let us know!

Richard Longenecker’s Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period

Understanding the way that the Old Testament is used in the New Testament is an important part of Bible study. When you’re studying a New Testament passage that quotes the Old Testament, you need to know the reference and study further to discern the reason for the reference.
We have several resources that help with identifying the quotations (from modern translation cross references and parallel passage sets) and even have resources like Carson & Beale’s massive and helpful Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament.
But have you ever wanted to read and work through a study on how exegesis was done in the time of the New Testament? That’s what Richard N. Longenecker gives us with his excellent study Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period. Longenecker gives us less of the “what” and “who” and much more of the “why”. He explains it like this in his introduction:

To speak of “Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period” is, of course, to suggest something of our concerns and limitations. But more particularly it must be said that, in the first place, our interest is primarily with exegetical procedures—that is, with specific exegetical practices, with the presuppositions that underlie those practices, and with the manner in which biblical exegesis was carried on in the apostolic period—and only secondarily and as derived from such an inquiry will we concern ourselves with the broader issues of the relation between the testaments and the development of biblical religion. Secondly, the focus of our attention will be on the biblical quotations used by the various writers of the New Testament, and less directly on their development of biblical themes, the structure of their compositions, their allusive use of biblical materials, or their employment of biblical language. And thirdly, our desire is to trace out distinguishable patterns of usage and development that appear in the various strata of the biblical citations within the New Testament, particularly as seen when compared with Jewish exegetical practices and patterns of roughly contemporaneous times.
Richard N. Longenecker, Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period (2nd ed.; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Vancouver: W.B. Eerdmans; Regent College Pub., 1999), 2.

Because Longenecker is studying how exegesis is done in the “Apostolic Period”, he evaluates other sources contemporary with the New Testament to understand how they use biblical quotations as part of better understanding what is going on in the New Testament. He writes:

I am concerned to have an accurate understanding of both Jewish and Christian hermeneutics during the period under study, believing that each must be seen in its relation to the other. In addition to the New Testament, therefore, we must give close attention to the talmudic literature (Mishnah, Babylonian and Palestinian Gemaras, Midrashim, Tosephta, individual “Sayings” collections, and related codifications), the Targums, the Jewish apocryphal texts (particularly apocalyptic writings), the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Philo. (Longenecker, Biblical Exegesis, 3)

It really is a fascinating book. And it isn’t in any of the Logos 4 (KF) packages. At $19.99 (at time of posting) it is a great book to add to your library and even to read on your iPod/iPad/iPhone.

Leave us a comment and let us know what some of your favorite Apostolic resources are.

Win Logos Software + $1K for Seminary or Bible College: Last Chance to Apply!

Seminary ScholarshipYou only have until Tuesday morning, May 10, 2011 to enter our current seminary scholarship and Bible college scholarship giveaway rounds! Apply once per round—but to increase your chances of winning, tell friends and family to apply as well.

Each winner will receive:

  • $1,000 to cover your tuition costs (paid directly to the seminary or Bible college)
  • Logos Bible Software 4 Scholar’s Library, a digital theological library that would cost nearly $8,000.00 in print equivalent

Increase Your Chances of Winning

The more of your friends who apply, the greater chance you have of being awarded a scholarship! At least two people will win, but possibly up to four.
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Dr. Steven Runge Takes Discourse Grammar on the Road

Logos’ own Steven Runge has been invited to share his discourse grammar course at  Wycliffe Hall at the University of Oxford June 28-July 2, 2011.

Discourse grammar is not just for advanced New Testament scholars, but has proven really useful for beginning Greek students and pastors as well! Runge takes complex linguistic ideas and makes them accessible. His cross-linguistic approach focuses on exegesis instead of translation, helping you gain a much deeper understanding of the Greek text. Attention is given to describing the task accomplished by each discourse device. This function-based approach helps to conceptualize what is happening in Greek by understanding how the comparable task is accomplished in another language. If you’ve had a year of Greek and are comfortable working in an interlinear text, then you’ll benefit from attending.
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Rethinking Theology with the Moody Theological Studies Collection

I need to confess something.

The word “theology” used to freak me out. A few years ago, I couldn’t help but be intimidated by words like “exegetical” and “Septuagint,” not to mention issues like predestination that have been debated for centuries. These ideas seemed so far out of reach.
Moody Theological StudiesAnd since I wasn’t going to be pastor, I figured theology was not something I needed to be concerned about.

Boy, was I wrong.

Theology, which can be loosely defined as how we view God, influences every aspect of our life. Our thoughts about God—whether true or false—not only affect the choices we make, but how we view this world and ourselves.

Studying theology is just another way of saying you want to know God on a deeper level. Once I realized this, the word “theology” became a lot less intimidating. I didn’t need a Ph.D. or a background in Greek and Hebrew (although those are great things); I just needed a place to start.

In hindsight, I wish I could have started with the Moody Theological Studies Collection.

With ten books ranging from 90 to 1,376 pages, you have a concise collection of powerful knowledge that is also easy to read. Firmly rooted in Scripture, the authors address a full spectrum of foundational topics like predestination, worship, missions, spiritual maturity, and even economics!

Whether theology has intimidated you or not, if you have a craving to really know God and understand him, I would take a look at this collection.

Oh, and act quickly! The Moody Theological Studies Collection is on Pre-Pub and is about to go into development. It won’t be this price for long!

Leave us a comment and tell us how your view of theology has matured in recent years.

Enjoy a Free Preview of R. C. Sproul’s John

This week (May 5–May 7, 2011) Logos will be partnering with Ligonier Ministries to offer a free preview of R. C. Sproul’s John. In John, the second volume in the St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary series, Sproul deals with the major themes of John’s Gospel with profound insight. Not only does he give perspective into the cultural context and background of John’s Gospel, he also communicates John’s goals for his message, as well as clearly explaining some of its more difficult passages. In addition to being the fruit of a lifetime of scriptural study, John comes from Sproul’s preaching ministry at St. Andrew’s in Sanford, Florida. The St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary series adapts Sproul’s sermons for a wider audience. Each of John’s fifty-seven chapters began as a St. Andrews sermon, and as you follow Sproul through John’s Gospel you will be enriched and inspired to a greater depth of devotion to Christ. [Read more...]

Ten Thought-Provoking John Wesley Quotes

Wesley

Recently, the John Wesley Collection (29 vols.) was placed on Pre-Pub. Not only does it contain the complete Works of John Wesley and Wesley’s Explanatory Notes for both the Old and New Testaments, but it also includes the authoritative eight-volume Journals of the Rev. John Wesley and an expansive, three-volume biography. To celebrate this awesome collection, I’ve put together ten of my favorite John Wesley quotes:

  1. “Every one, though born of God in an instant, yet undoubtedly grows by slow degrees.” —from a letter in the Works of John Wesley

 

  • “No circumstances can make it necessary for a man to burst in sunder all the ties of humanity. It can never be necessary for a rational being to sink himself below a brute.” —from Thoughts upon Slavery in the Works of John Wesley

 

 

  • “When I was young I was sure of everything. In a few years, having been mistaken a thousand times, I was not half so sure of most things as I was before. At present, I am hardly sure of anything but what God has revealed to me.” —from a letter in the Works of John Wesley

 

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Our Best Selling Books on Marriage

married couple

Here at our headquarters in Bellingham, WA, the sun has just started poking out, tulips are blooming, and love, along with cotton, pollen, and many other allergens, is in the air.

Hello spring time.

Spring and summer are the most popular seasons for marriage in our part of the world and we thought it would be helpful to provide some resources for the couples, counselors, and pastors involved in pre-marital counseling.

We recently went through our entire library of marriage books, grouped them together, and ranked them based on their popularity in the past 15 months.

A few interesting notes:

  • Because buying a collection gives you the cheapest price-per-book, almost all of our collections outsell individual books.
  • We added many new individual titles in the past year which you may not have seen yet, such as Covenant Marriage by Gary Chapman and God on Sex by Daniel Akin.

We hope these books will be a source of wisdom and inspiration as you grow in your marriage and encourage new couples to grow in theirs.

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