Pre-order Your Digital Logos 6 Training Manual

Logos 6: What's New?Now’s the time to pre-order the digital version of the Logos 6: What’s New? training manual. Get it for just $14.95—it’s a deal you won’t want to pass up!

Pre-Pub lets you take advantage of a product’s best price by pre-ordering it before it’s produced. Once the resource is produced, regular pricing kicks in, but you’ll get the lower price you locked in with your pre-order.

Learn from Morris Proctor

Logos 6: What’s New? is written by Morris Proctor—certified and authorized Logos Bible Software trainer. He has been a pastor and expository teacher for more than 20 years. Logos Bible Software revolutionized his personal study, and he’s devoted his company, MP Seminars, to teaching others how to do the same. His vision is to help all Logos users have the ability to realize Logos’ full potential.

Proctor is practiced in explaining and teaching Logos. He has written several training manuals, conducted training seminars, and led Logos demonstrations around the country. He has trained hundreds of users—including pastors, Christian educators, military chaplains, professors, and students alike.

Add the manual to your Logos library

Logos 6: What’s New? walks you through Logos 6′s changes and new features step by step. Plus, you can use the digital manual side by side with your software and follow along!

The digital manual includes:

  • Easy-to-understand, step-by-step instructions
  • Numerous screenshots illustrating written explanations
  • Tours of all the new Logos 6 features
  • Explanations of changes from Logos 5

This manual will help you save time trying to understand all of Logos 6′s enhancements, and instead find the answers you need so you can get the most out of your Bible study.

Also be sure you check out the Logos 6: What’s New? Video Training. This training is a comprehensive video series loaded with more than eight hours of content and 175 videos. These videos were created to help users fully (and visually) understand Logos 6′s new tools.

Pre-order your digital copy of Logos 6:What’s New? today!

Logos 6: Instantly Create High-Quality Slides

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

Years ago in a Christian education class in college, my professor commented, “If overhead projectors were available during the time of Christ, he would have used one.” His point was that Jesus incorporated visuals in his teaching. Think about just a few examples:

  • “Consider the lilies of the field . . .” —Matthew 6:28
  • “Show me a denarius. Whose likeness and inscription does it have? . . .” —Luke 20:24
  • “I am the vine; you are the branches. . . .” —John 15:5

A well-placed image can communicate volumes. As the old adage goes, a picture is worth a thousand words. Today during our preaching and teaching sessions we employ visual media slides and projectors to enhance a message.

Knowing the popularity of such visuals, Logos 6 offers a tool that makes fast work of creating slides based on text or images from our Logos resources or even just text we input manually! This tool, Visual Copy, prepares slides suitable for use in Proclaim Church Presentation Software or PowerPoint, or even as standalone graphics.

Try this:

  • Open any Bible to Joshua 1:8 (A)
  • Right click any word within the verse (B)
  • Select from the context menu Joshua 1:8 (C)
  • Select Visual Copy (D)

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  • Notice the Visual Copy tool opens with Joshua 1:8 already placed on a slide (E)
  • Select, if desired, a different template from the left sidebar (F)
  • Select an aspect ratio (G)
  • Select:
    • Copy to place the image on the clipboard, which will then be ready to paste into a document (H)
    • Save as to save the slide as an image file (I)
    • Send to to export it to Proclaim or PowerPoint (J)
    • An icon to share it (K)

morris-proctor-instantly-create-professional-slides-2You’ll also discover that Visual Copy appears on the context menu from within any resource. For example, right click some selected text in a resource, then select Visual Copy from the context menu to create a slide with the text you just selected!

For more detailed information about working with Visual Copy, as well as the rest of Logos 6′s new tools, check out these new Logos 6 training materials:

Also be sure to register for an upcoming Camp Logos live training seminar, including events in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and Columbus, Georgia.

Logos 6: Locate Verses for a Character Study

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

A character study is a very rewarding type of Bible study. A character study is finding all mentions of a person in the Bible and then examining the characteristics of his or her life.

The challenge to this method of research is locating all biblical references to a person! That challenge just got easier with Logos 6. Let’s imagine we want to investigate Barnabas throughout the New Testament. Our research begins with listing of all mentions of the man. Try this:

  • Open a Bible, like the ESV
  • Navigate to a passage of Scripture which mentions the man Barnabas, such as Acts 4:36 (A)
  • Right click on a word referring to Barnabas, such as Joseph—his real name (B)
  • Select from the content menu Barnabas Person (C)
  • Select a search option, such as Search this resource (inline) (D)

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  • Notice only the verses referencing Barnabas now appear in the resource panel (E)

morris-proctor-locate-verses-for-a-character-study-2 As you move through the Inline Search hits, you’ll see that Barnabas is not only referred to by name, but also as good man, apostlecompanion, and more.

We have just combined the referent dataset with a right-click Inline Search to quickly locate all the times a person is mentioned in the Bible. A thorough examination of these verses will now yield some encouraging insights about this man of God in the early church!

For more detailed information about working with Inline Search, as well as the rest of Logos 6′s new tools, check out these new Logos 6 training materials:

Also be sure to register for an upcoming Camp Logos live training seminar, including events in Houston, TexasOklahoma City, Oklahoma; and Columbus, Georgia.

Understand the Biblical World with Logos 6’s Cultural Concepts Tool

cultural-concepts-tool-logos-6With Logos 6, you get innovative tools that help you discover biblical insights by identifying connections that were difficult to find. One of these tools is Cultural Concepts.

Cultural Concepts leverages a brand-new dataset that’s the first of its kind in the world of biblical studies. Before this tool existed, you’d have to manually identify connections between the biblical text and extrabiblical literature that provided additional background and explanation on that passage’s cultural context.

But with Cultural Concepts, those connections are already established for you.

How to access Cultural Concepts

There are two primary ways to use this tool in your studies. The first way you can access Cultural Concepts is through the Passage Guide—this is the best approach when you’re preparing a sermon or Bible study lesson on a specific passage. The Passage Guide links to Factbook entries for each cultural concept—just navigate to the Cultural Concepts section in the Factbook, and you’ll get links to ancient literature, Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias, and more. The second way is to simply right click any cultural concept right within your Bible’s text. If a cultural concept is tagged, it will show up in your context menu, and you can click on it to open its Factbook entry for further exploration.

The importance of cultural context

David Witthoff, team lead for the dataset’s creation, explains how Cultural Concepts came about:

The project started with a goal to help users find relevant cultural material that may be related to a passage they are studying. We thought that having a sort of index where ‘marriage’ or ‘sacrifice’ occurred, we could help students of the Bible find other examples of similar practices. By bringing these connections to users, we offer a way to make comparisons and contrasts between the Bible and the ancient world . . .

It was also created because there isn’t really a way to search conceptually. You can find keywords through word searches, but we went a level higher than this with concepts because the same words aren’t always used in relation to one concept.

Identifying the meaning behind cultural concepts helps you understand the biblical world in its ancient context. This tool delivers relevant cultural information from a world so different from ours today; it helps us develop a fuller, more comprehensive interpretation so that we can apply our findings to our lives, guiding modern application of biblical texts.

To see how to use Cultural Concepts, check out this step-by-step video tutorial:

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Now’s the best time to get Logos 6: time is running out to save with introductory offers!

For a limited time, you can save 15% on any Logos 6 purchase—including upgrades and crossgrades. Plus, you can get up to $900.00 worth of gifts with your purchase.

What are you waiting for? Get Logos 6 today!

Logos 6: How to Search the Atlas

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

Knowing the geographical context in which a biblical event took place can certainly aid our interpretation. For example:

  • What’s the significance of the phrase “he had to pass through Samaria” in John 4:4?
  • Does the location of Laodicea impact Jesus’ description of the church as “lukewarm” in Revelation 3:16?

To assist us in discovering the geographical context of a biblical passage, Logos 6 offers a brand new Atlas tool with scores of new maps. These new maps are tagged according to both biblical references and topics (biblical people, places, things, and events). The multiple tags on a map are why links to maps appear all throughout the software, such as in the Passage Guide (A), in the Topic Guide (B), and in the Factbook (C).

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You can also, however, manually search the Atlas yourself for just the right map. Try this:

  • Choose Tools | Atlas
  • Make sure the left sidebar is visible by clicking the map list icon (D)
  • Remove any text that is in the search box in the sidebar (E)

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  • Type a query in the search box, such as:
    • A biblical reference, like John 4 (F)
    • A person, like Jesus
    • A place, like Jerusalem
    • A thing, like temple
    • An event, like feeds 5,000
  • Select the desired item from the drop-down list (G)

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  • Notice maps corresponding to the query appear in the list (H)
  • Select a map to load it in the display area (I)

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You can now use all the features of the Atlas tool to work with your desired map!

For more detailed information about working with the Atlas, as well as the rest of Logos 6′s new tools, check out these new Logos 6 training materials:

Also be sure to register for an upcoming Camp Logos live training seminar, including events in Houston and Oklahoma City.

Logos 6: Find New Testament Quotes from Old Testament Prophets

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

New Testament writers frequently quote Old Testament prophets without explicitly referencing them by name. “Who said that?” may, therefore, be a common question we ask in our Bible study. You’ll be happy to know that Logos tags speakers throughout Scripture so we can readily identify them as well as locate other verses in which they were quoted! Let’s take a look at a specific example:

  • Open a Bible such as the LEB to Acts 7:48–49, which is part of Stephen’s sermon (A)
  • Notice the phrase “just as the prophet says” in verse 48 followed by the words of a prophet in verse 49 (B)
  • At the beginning of verse 49, rest the cursor on the megaphone icon (C), which identifies Isaiah as the quoted prophet (if the icon is not present, click the visual filters icon—three circles—on the Bible’s toolbar and select speaker labels) (D)

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Logos has identified and tagged the speakers in conversation or being quoted in both the Old and New Testaments. You can see who’s speaking with the megaphone icon.

But now let’s say we want to locate all the places Isaiah is quoted in the New Testament:

  • Right click on any word in verse 49 (E)
  • Click the arrow icon next to Stephen the speaker on the context menu (F)
  • Notice both Stephen and Isaiah are listed as speakers, because Stephen is quoting Isaiah
  • Select Isaiah (G)
  • Select Search this resource (H)

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  • Select New Testament from the drop-down list on the search panel (I)
  • In the search results, see all the places in the New Testament where Isaiah the prophet is quoted (J)

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Train your eyes to spot the megaphone icons, then use a right mouse search to find every time a specific person spoke in the Bible.

You can learn more about Logos 6′s features in the Logos 6: What’s New? Manual and the Logos 6: What’s New? Video, now available on Pre-Pub.

Also be sure to register for an upcoming Camp Logos live training seminar, including the January events in Tampa and Houston.

Evaluating Textual Variation with Logos 6

textual-variants-tool-logos-6Most guides to exegesis include an important step in pursuing the exegesis of a given passage: establishing the text. This is the exegetical step where textual variation is taken into account, and one notes and weighs the variations in a passage to determine the text that will be exegeted.

In previous versions of Logos, the Exegetical Guide included a section called “Apparatuses,” which was the primary source of information to be used in establishing the text for exegesis.

In Logos 6, the Exegetical Guide’s Textual Variants section is a complete redesign of what used to be the Apparatuses section. The goal of the redesign is to make it easy to get to information in your library that may help with evaluating textual variation.

There are six parts to the Textual Variants section, each representing different types or classes of resources or data relevant to examining textual variation:

  • Textual commentaries
  • Apparatuses
  • Editions
  • Transcriptions
  • Ancient versions
  • Online manuscripts

Textual commentaries

These are specialized commentary resources that comment on units of textual variation instead of commenting with exegetical information. The most commonly known example of this type of resource is Bruce Metzger’s A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament.

Most textual commentaries have been focused on the variations found in the New Testament. For Logos 6, we’ve created a new textual commentary, targeted at the lay user with little Hebrew or Greek knowledge. It covers over 2,000 variation units throughout the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament.

The textual-commentaries section extracts the first portion of the note for the verse under study. This helps you get an idea what the variation is about, and it might help determine if you need to research the variation in more depth.

Other textual commentaries (such as Metzger’s) are listed in the Textual Variants section; if you click the title in your software, it will open the resource to the appropriate entry.

Apparatuses

Apparatuses are those things at the bottom of the page of some editions of the Hebrew Bible and of the Greek New Testament. They are typically laden with abbreviations, cryptic to read, and difficult to understand. They are highly compressed forms of variation data. This section largely reproduces what Logos 4 and 5′s Apparatuses section did: provide appropriate links to apparatuses so that the textual evidence for a given variation can be further evaluated.

Editions

For the purposes of the Textual Variants section, an “edition” is a version of an original-language text produced in the modern era. The use of “modern era” is wide, so these are essentially editions (not transcriptions) produced after 1500.

This section lists editions of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament—such as the Lexham Hebrew Bible (LHB), the Biblica Hebraica Westmonasteriensis (BHW), the SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT), the Nestle-Aland 28th edition, and the like. Editions of the Septuagint are also included for references covered by that corpus.

Transcriptions

Different than an edition, a transcription is an attempt to transcribe the text as it occurs in a particular manuscript. These also often include the pagination and line breaks of the manuscripts in question. Items included in this section would be the Qumran Biblical Dead Sea Scrolls, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis, and others.

Ancient versions

We read our Bibles in our own language, as they have been translated by experts for those who do not know the original languages. This is not new; translations of the Bible have been made from ancient times. What we call the Septuagint is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek. There are other of these ancient or “early” versions, including versions in Aramaic (the Targums) and Latin (the Vulgate) as well as Coptic, Syriac, and all sorts of other languages. If you have access to any of these in your library of Logos resources, they will appear here for you to consult.

Online manuscripts

At present, this feature only works for New Testament references. It relies on information provided by the Institute for New Testament Textual Research (Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung, or INTF) which is the organization behind the critical editions of the Greek New Testament: the Editio Critica Maior, the Nestle-Aland family of texts, and the United Bible Societies editions of the Greek New Testament.

The information behind online manuscripts is provided through a web service operated by the INTF, known as the New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room (NTVMR). This web service offers a public interface to much of the data that is used by the textual critics at the INTF in their work preparing editions of the Greek New Testament. In other words, where available, these are the transcriptions and the manuscript images being used to inform textual critics as they prepare critical editions of the Greek New Testament.

In Logos 6, whatever data is available to the public via the NTVMR is made available for your consultation. This may simply be indexing data that confirms a manuscript contains some portion of the specified passage, or it may be images or transcriptions of manuscript pages that contain that passage.

One example is Mark 13:8. The NTVMR contains data from many majuscule (uncial) and minuscule (cursive) manuscripts for this reference:

When a manuscript such as Sinaiticus or Bezae is available as a resource inside of Logos, the title of the manuscript is linked to the Logos resource. The links to transcriptions and images outside of Logos are available for consultation as well. Additional data entries about the manuscript (date, contents, page layout, and language) are also given.

In other words, for many major manuscripts (and several not-so-major manuscripts), you now have links straight to reputable, verified, and accurate manuscript transcriptions and images. For those who work though the text at this level, this is an incredible treasure trove of information.

Dig into valuable insights

If you’re only interested in short descriptions of variations, you can focus on the textual-commentaries section to see what variations, if any, have been noted by other studies and grow into the other sections as your studies require and skill grows. If you require more information on a given variation, you can dig straight into an apparatus, or into comparisons of modern editions you have access to in your Logos library. If you have transcriptions of material available such as the Qumran Dead Sea Scrolls, or ancient editions such as the Targums, Vulgate, Syriac, or Coptic versions, these are presented as well. Finally, transcriptions and images of several major and minor New Testament manuscripts are available through the interface to the New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room (NTVMR).

Logos 6′s Textual Variants section handles more data than previous versions of Logos Bible Software and presents it in a more meaningful and easier-to-use manner.

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Check out Textual Variants in action and see how to use this tool step by step.

Logos 6′s Textual Variants tool is available in Gold and higher: explore all of your base-package options, or see which package we recommend for you.

Logos 6: See and Read Only Highlighted Text

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

If you’re like me, while reading a print book, you like marking up important points. Likewise, for years we’ve been able to highlight text in our Logos resources. Now, in Logos 6, we can go one step further. We can actually extract, view, and read just those highlights we’ve made in a book!

Here’s how:

  • Open a resource, such as Alone with God
  • Choose Tools | Highlighting
  • Expand a palette such as highlighter pens (A)
  • Select some text in the resource (B)
  • Click a style, such as green highlighter (C)

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  • Continue highlighting text as you desire
  • Open another resource, such as Moral Foundations of Life
  • Highlight text in this resource as well (D)

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By default, when we use styles in the highlighter-pens palette, Logos creates a notes document called Highlighter Pens.

  • Open the notes document by choosing the documents menu
  • Click the Highlighter Pens file to open it
  • Select Quotes as the view in which to display the notes (E)
  • Notice the names of the resources in which text was highlighted (F)
  • Click the arrow to the left of a resource to reveal all of the text that was highlighted in that specific resource (G)

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As you can see, by utilizing the highlighting and quotes views, you can in essence produce a personal summary, comprising what you deem important of any resource in your library.

You can learn more about Logos 6 features in the Logos 6: What’s New? Manual and the Logos 6: What’s New? Video, now available on Pre-Pub.

Also be sure to register for an upcoming Camp Logos live training seminar, including the January events in Tampa and Houston.

Logos 6: Tag Your Own Resources

Today’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris, who has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos seminars, provides many training materials.

The Logos team has tagged the words of Scripture referring to people, places, and things. This referent dataset then allows us to locate every mention of a specific person, place, or thing regardless of the words used to reference them. For example, we can locate all the places in the Bible Timothy is mentioned, whether he’s referred to by name, with a pronoun, or though a term like disciple or man.

We have thousands of other words in books, though, which reference people, places, and things. These words, however, are not tagged. The best we can do is search for entities by name like Paul, Corinth, or shield. That is until now!

Through the power of a new Logos 6 tool called Community Tags, users can tag words in resources according to the people, places, and things they reference.

For example:

  • Open the resource Alone with God to page 56 (A)
  • Select (highlight) the phrase his name in the first paragraph (B)

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  • Right click the selection (C)
  • Select his name from the context menu (D)
  • Select Add community tag (E)

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  • Type David in the Add community tag box that appears (F)
  • Select the person David from the drop-down list (G)

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  • Notice that underneath his name, Logos places a dotted gray line representing a community tag (H)
  • Rest the cursor on the line to see a rich preview of David (I)

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Logos will also synchronize this tag to the accounts of other Logos users so they’ll benefit from your tagging.

So what’s the benefit of Community Tags? The ability to search them!

Try this:

  • Right click the tagged text his name (J)
  • Select David Person from the context menu (K)
  • Select Search community tags (L)

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Notice in the search results, all the resources with community tags referencing David, including Alone with God (K)! We’re now locating people, places, and things in our books—not just our Bibles.

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You can learn more about Community Tags in the Logos 6: What’s New? Manual.

Also, be sure to register for our in-depth Camp Logos in Tampa and Houston.

How to Incorporate Extrabiblical Texts into Your Exegesis

ancient-literature-example-featureGood exegesis starts with the text. But it doesn’t end there. You rightly examine lexicons, commentaries, and all sorts of other references as you wrestle with a text.

But what did the ancients say about the text you’re wrestling with? How was this verse used or understood by the Rabbis? By the Church Fathers? What about Philo and Josephus? Are there topics or ideas in this verse that were used in other ancient literature?

Standard secondary sources such as these have been available for Logos Bible Software for a while. But there are a lot of them (no, really, see the list at the end of this post!). And you have to know how to search, then you have to be able to evaluate the usages. And that doesn’t even take into account when commentaries refer to ancient literature (which happens frequently).

In Logos 6, it is as simple as looking in the Passage Guide report you probably already ran on the verse. The Passage Guide sports a brand-new section called Ancient Literature. The section provides information on how your passage is used in all sorts of ancient literature. Not only that, but it also classifies the relationship of the reference in ancient literature with the biblical reference you’re examining. It uses simple and general categories like citation, quotation, allusion, echo, topical, lexical, phrase, and historical.

An example—the one that actually prompted us to start assembling the extensive underlying dataset used by this tool—will probably help explain.

Isaiah 54: The Barren Woman

Here’s the text of Isaiah 54:1 from the Lexham English Bible (LEB):

“Sing for joy, barren woman; who has not borne!

Burst forth into rejoicing and rejoice, she who has not been in labor!

For the children of the desolate woman are more than the children of the married woman,” says Yahweh.

Why would a barren woman rejoice? Once you’ve done your initial work within the passage and within the canonical text, it might help to look at how the passage is understood and referred to in other ancient literature, and whether its relation is intertextual or topical in nature. Understanding how ancient literature interacts at either an intertextual or topical level with this passage can give us better insight into how the cultures contemporary with the Bible viewed barren women, their role in society, and why it would be strange for them to be rejoicing.

This is exactly what the Ancient Literature tool gives you. It points you to relevant portions of ancient literature, classifying the relationship so you can determine if the reference is something you’d like to examine further:

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Ancient Near Eastern literature

Literature in this category does not directly interact with the text of the Bible, but it is from the same milieu and can give us insight into how cultures contemporary with ancient Israel viewed similar concepts and topics.

One document, known as “Enki and Ninmah” (Context of Scripture 1.159) uses the concept of a barren woman. It also shows the cultural notion that a woman unable to give birth was deemed as somehow defective (the larger context of COS 1.159 is a contest between Enki and Ninmah, where Ninmah is creating defective humans and challenging Enki to somehow redeem them or make them useful):

Fifth—she fashioned from it a woman

who could not give birth.

Enki—upon seeing the woman

who could not give birth,

Decreed her fate, he assigned her

to do work in the Women’s Quarter.1

Here, all that Enki could do with the barren woman was to give her work in the women’s quarter. Understanding the cultural necessity of the ability to procreate and the following derision heaped upon those unable to do so is important for understanding the craziness of commanding Isaiah 54:1’s barren woman to rejoice. She has nothing to rejoice over and is well aware of it.

Apostolic Fathers

In Second Clement, one of the earliest available Christian sermons outside of the New Testament, typically dated AD 100–150, the homilist begins (§2.1–3) by quoting from Isaiah 54 and then explaining what he thinks it means. If you’re looking at Isaiah 54, this is good stuff:

2.1Rejoice, O barren woman who has not given birth, break forth and shout, you who has no birth pains, for many are the children of the deserted woman, more than she who has a husband.  The one who says, “Rejoice, O barren woman who has not given birth,” speaks to us, for our church was barren before children were given to her. 2 And the one who says “Shout you who has no birth pains,” means this: offer up our prayers sincerely to God, we should not grow weary like women in labor.  3 And the one who says, “For many are the children of the deserted woman, more than she who has a husband,” since our people seem to be deserted by God, but now we who have believed have become many more than those who seemed to have God.2

In Second Clement, the barren woman is identified as the church, and the growth of the church is identified as the children of the barren woman—pretty interesting.

Judiaca

In the Babylonian Talmud, b.Ber. I.8 mentions Isaiah 54:1. Beruriah is the wife of Rabbi Meir; here she is fielding a question about barren women, specifically referencing Isaiah 54:1:

I.8 A. A certain min said to Beruriah, “It is written, ‘Sing, O barren woman, who has not born . . .’ (Is. 54:1).

B.“Because the woman is barren, should she rejoice?”

      1. She said to him, “Idiot, look at the end of the same verse of Scripture, for it is written, ‘For the children of the desolate shall be more than the children of the married woman, says the Lord’ (Is. 54:1).
      2. “What then is the sense of, ‘Barren woman, who has not born’?

E.“Rejoice, O congregation of Israel, which is like a barren woman [that is,] who has not born children destined for Gehenna such as yourself.”3

Beruriah’s scorn for the lazy exegesis of the Isaiah passage by the one consulting her is evident in her response in ‘B’, labeling him an idiot for not reading the rest of the verse, and then in ‘E’ by her declaration that he is destined for Gehenna as well.

Other references

And there is so much more. Philo, On Rewards §§158–161 cites Isaiah 54:1 and then provides an allegorical interpretation of it. The Sectarian Dead Sea Scrolls (4Q265 Fragment 2) allude to it so we know the passage was used among the Qumran community. There are references in the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (2 Baruch 10.14; Apocalypse of Elijah 2.38; and more). There are several references in the writings of the Church Fathers.

Get started with Ancient Literature

In the past, users with all of these resources may not have found these references unless they were serious power users with serious search skills. Even then, the references would not have been classified.

Ancient Literature gives you an entry point into all sorts of ancient writings related to the Bible in one way or another. And it provides you with information relevant to the section of Scripture you are studying. It helps you to see how the ancients—rightly or wrongly—used the passage you’re studying. And that could be just the piece you need to better understand your text.

Literature areas and resources for exploration

As you study with the Ancient Literature tool, you can pull from several different resource categories in your library, including:

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Check out Ancient Literature in action and see how to use this tool step by step.

Logos 6′s Ancient Literature tool is available in Silver and higher: explore all of your base-package options, or see which package we recommend for you.

  1. William W. Hallo and K. Lawson Younger, The Context of Scripture (Leiden: Brill, 1997–), 518. []
  2. Rick Brannan, trans., The Apostolic Fathers in English (Logos Bible Software, 2012). []
  3. Jacob Neusner, The Babylonian Talmud: A Translation and Commentary (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2011), 56–57. []