Evaluating Textual Variation with Logos 6

textual-variants-tool-logos-6Most guides to exegesis include an important step in pursuing the exegesis of a given passage: establishing the text. This is the exegetical step where textual variation is taken into account, and one notes and weighs the variations in a passage to determine the text that will be exegeted.

In previous versions of Logos, the Exegetical Guide included a section called “Apparatuses,” which was the primary source of information to be used in establishing the text for exegesis.

In Logos 6, the Exegetical Guide’s Textual Variants section is a complete redesign of what used to be the Apparatuses section. The goal of the redesign is to make it easy to get to information in your library that may help with evaluating textual variation.

There are six parts to the Textual Variants section, each representing different types or classes of resources or data relevant to examining textual variation:

  • Textual commentaries
  • Apparatuses
  • Editions
  • Transcriptions
  • Ancient versions
  • Online manuscripts

Textual commentaries

These are specialized commentary resources that comment on units of textual variation instead of commenting with exegetical information. The most commonly known example of this type of resource is Bruce Metzger’s A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament.

Most textual commentaries have been focused on the variations found in the New Testament. For Logos 6, we’ve created a new textual commentary, targeted at the lay user with little Hebrew or Greek knowledge. It covers over 2,000 variation units throughout the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament.

The textual-commentaries section extracts the first portion of the note for the verse under study. This helps you get an idea what the variation is about, and it might help determine if you need to research the variation in more depth.

Other textual commentaries (such as Metzger’s) are listed in the Textual Variants section; if you click the title in your software, it will open the resource to the appropriate entry.

Apparatuses

Apparatuses are those things at the bottom of the page of some editions of the Hebrew Bible and of the Greek New Testament. They are typically laden with abbreviations, cryptic to read, and difficult to understand. They are highly compressed forms of variation data. This section largely reproduces what Logos 4 and 5′s Apparatuses section did: provide appropriate links to apparatuses so that the textual evidence for a given variation can be further evaluated.

Editions

For the purposes of the Textual Variants section, an “edition” is a version of an original-language text produced in the modern era. The use of “modern era” is wide, so these are essentially editions (not transcriptions) produced after 1500.

This section lists editions of the Hebrew Bible and the Greek New Testament—such as the Lexham Hebrew Bible (LHB), the Biblica Hebraica Westmonasteriensis (BHW), the SBL Greek New Testament (SBLGNT), the Nestle-Aland 28th edition, and the like. Editions of the Septuagint are also included for references covered by that corpus.

Transcriptions

Different than an edition, a transcription is an attempt to transcribe the text as it occurs in a particular manuscript. These also often include the pagination and line breaks of the manuscripts in question. Items included in this section would be the Qumran Biblical Dead Sea Scrolls, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis, and others.

Ancient versions

We read our Bibles in our own language, as they have been translated by experts for those who do not know the original languages. This is not new; translations of the Bible have been made from ancient times. What we call the Septuagint is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek. There are other of these ancient or “early” versions, including versions in Aramaic (the Targums) and Latin (the Vulgate) as well as Coptic, Syriac, and all sorts of other languages. If you have access to any of these in your library of Logos resources, they will appear here for you to consult.

Online manuscripts

At present, this feature only works for New Testament references. It relies on information provided by the Institute for New Testament Textual Research (Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung, or INTF) which is the organization behind the critical editions of the Greek New Testament: the Editio Critica Maior, the Nestle-Aland family of texts, and the United Bible Societies editions of the Greek New Testament.

The information behind online manuscripts is provided through a web service operated by the INTF, known as the New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room (NTVMR). This web service offers a public interface to much of the data that is used by the textual critics at the INTF in their work preparing editions of the Greek New Testament. In other words, where available, these are the transcriptions and the manuscript images being used to inform textual critics as they prepare critical editions of the Greek New Testament.

In Logos 6, whatever data is available to the public via the NTVMR is made available for your consultation. This may simply be indexing data that confirms a manuscript contains some portion of the specified passage, or it may be images or transcriptions of manuscript pages that contain that passage.

One example is Mark 13:8. The NTVMR contains data from many majuscule (uncial) and minuscule (cursive) manuscripts for this reference:

When a manuscript such as Sinaiticus or Bezae is available as a resource inside of Logos, the title of the manuscript is linked to the Logos resource. The links to transcriptions and images outside of Logos are available for consultation as well. Additional data entries about the manuscript (date, contents, page layout, and language) are also given.

In other words, for many major manuscripts (and several not-so-major manuscripts), you now have links straight to reputable, verified, and accurate manuscript transcriptions and images. For those who work though the text at this level, this is an incredible treasure trove of information.

Dig into valuable insights

If you’re only interested in short descriptions of variations, you can focus on the textual-commentaries section to see what variations, if any, have been noted by other studies and grow into the other sections as your studies require and skill grows. If you require more information on a given variation, you can dig straight into an apparatus, or into comparisons of modern editions you have access to in your Logos library. If you have transcriptions of material available such as the Qumran Dead Sea Scrolls, or ancient editions such as the Targums, Vulgate, Syriac, or Coptic versions, these are presented as well. Finally, transcriptions and images of several major and minor New Testament manuscripts are available through the interface to the New Testament Virtual Manuscript Room (NTVMR).

Logos 6′s Textual Variants section handles more data than previous versions of Logos Bible Software and presents it in a more meaningful and easier-to-use manner.

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Check out Textual Variants in action and see how to use this tool step by step.

Logos 6′s Textual Variants tool is available in Gold and higher: explore all of your base-package options, or see which package we recommend for you.

4 Days Left: Save with Boxing Week Deals!

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The Boxing Week sale ends January 5, so this is your last chance to save big on 45+ resources! Check out all of the Boxing Week offers before they’re gone.

Baylor New Testament Backgrounds Collection (4 vols.)

Regularly $129.95get it for $89.95 (31% off!)

This collection offers the most recent and extensive scholarship on several important issues relating to the background of the New Testament and the Greco-Roman world around the first century. Craig Evans examines recent archaeological discoveries that shed light on the question of the historical Jesus. These volumes are a must for anyone interested in digging deeper into New Testament backgrounds.

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This book addresses an issue we’ve faced since the beginning of time: people have paraded countless pictures of Jesus before an impressionable public. If we have learned anything of all this, it is that the available evidence, cautiously and sympathetically evaluated, will in all probability always lend itself to a range of possible views of Jesus—the Jewish martyr, the unworldly sage, the failed rebel, the messianic Son of God. This book seeks to show that the view of Christ who emerges in the faith of the New Testament churches stands in a causal and organic continuity with Jesus of Nazareth.

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This product features all of Warren Wiersbe’s “Be” series of Old Testament commentaries. Breaking down each book into topical chapters, Wiersbe writes an approachable commentary series that allows any reader to understand the biblical text in new ways. The “Be” series is the culmination of Wiersbe’s life work and is respected by many as an easy-to-read, stimulating approach to Bible study.

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Start 2015 Off with a Bang!

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Happy New Year! Start 2015 off right with devotionals, commentaries, and more.

Go back to the beginning with two brand-new commentary collections on Genesis and John. These collections include more than 100 volumes of commentaries on these well-loved books of the Bible. Here are just some of the commentaries available in these collections:

  • New American Commentary
  • International Critical Commentary
  • College Press NIV Commentary
  • Pillar New Testament Commentary
  • Cornerstone Biblical Commentary

Take your education to the next level

Advance your theological education in 2015 with Logos Mobile Education. The new commentary collections available during the New Year’s sale pair perfectly with the discounted Mobile Ed courses. With courses like OT 301 Origins of Genesis 1–3, the Bible and Doctrine Foundations Bundle, and BI 201 The Story of the Bible, you can start learning now from renowned professors like Dr. Mark Futato, Dr. John Walton, and Dr. Lynn Cohick—all at your own pace.

Don’t miss the opportunity to get 15% off these courses and take your education to the next level.

Stay on track with your reading

Don’t forget to pick up a devotional or two, like Tozer on the Almighty God or A Godward Life, and set up a reading plan in Logos 6 for the new year. Read the entire Bible by setting up a custom 90-day reading plan. If you start the reading plan now, you can finish the whole Bible just in time for Easter!

All of these resources are enhanced by the power of Logos 6, making them searchable and allowing you to pinpoint answers in seconds, so if you don’t already own it take the opportunity to pick it up before the introductory offer disappears.

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Invest in Yourself in 2015 with Mobile Ed

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Someday, when I have the skill . . .

Someday, when I have the confidence . . .

Someday, when I have the time . . .

Someday, when I am an expert . . .

Someday . . .

We all want to be the best versions of ourselves. We want to impact others and change lives, but we don’t always have the tools, skills, and knowledge needed to do the job. We say, “Someday, when my ship comes in, I will . . .” But “someday” doesn’t exist—only today does. So today, as you prepare to welcome in a new year, why not resolve to invest in yourself?

One of the best places to start is with Logos Mobile Education courses. Mobile Ed was designed to bring you a seminary-level education, taught by today’s leading biblical experts in a format that helps maximize learning so that you can gain the skills, confidence, and expertise needed to achieve your goals.

Technically, 2015 doesn’t start until tomorrow, and neither do your New Year’s resolutions. But why continue to wait—why not start today?

Invest in yourself with 9 courses on the Gospels

One of Mobile Ed’s most popular bundles is the Studies in the Gospels Bundle. This nine-course bundle will lead you to a comprehensive understanding of Jesus’ life and ministry. These courses are taught by some of today’s leading New Testament scholars, like Dr. Jonathan Pennington, Dr. Dan Doriani, and Dr. Craig Evans.

You’ll get a detailed exposition of the Sermon on the Mount from Dr. Pennington, and an expert analysis of Jesus’ colorful, startling, and often confusing parables by Dr. Doriani. Dr. Evans will delve into the historical events that built the New Testament world, including the decline of the Persian Empire, the rise of Alexander the Great, and Israel’s military engagements and religious movements.

Save over 40% today

We are currently finishing several courses in this bundle, and typically we don’t ship the individual courses until the entire bundle is complete. But for a limited time, you can not only get this product at the deeply discounted Pre-Pub price, but you can also get immediate access to the finished courses. That means you can save over 40% on the Studies in the Gospels Bundle and start learning right away.

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In the Studies in the Gospels Bundle, you’ll get:

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Improve Your Bible Study in 2015

diy-bible-studyAs the calendar turns over to 2015, many of you are making New Year’s resolutions. If you’ve decided to take your Bible study to the next level this year, Lexham Press has designed a resource that makes it easier than ever. DIY Bible Study helps you step into the story of the Bible with application-focused content, beautifully designed images, and practical video tutorials.

A year-long reading plan, included with DIY Bible Study, guides you through the entire Bible in just 10 minutes a day. You’ll get an overview of the entire Bible, one study at a time. It’s designed to be accessible and flexible to fit exactly what you need to dig into the Bible.

Study with Logos 6

We built DIY Bible Study to be fully integrated into Logos Bible Software. We’re leveraging all of the amazing tools found in Logos 6, and we’ll teach you how to use them.

As you work through DIY Bible Study, your learning is framed by sections that teach you how to study the Bible. These study principles are delivered through short video lessons, like this:

Not only are you learning important study principles and methods, but you’re seeing them used within Logos Bible Software itself. You’ll learn to study the Bible and use the most powerful Bible software to accomplish your goals.

Biblical interpretation is like appreciating a Monet painting. At first, everything is a bit blurry, but once you stand farther back, you see how all the blurry shapes fit together into something beautiful. In this regard, there is absolutely no substitute for reading all of the Bible and reading it regularly; the more parts of the Bible that are in your head, the more the Bible will make sense.

The right tools and biblical interpretation methods can help you thoughtfully and accurately study the Bible for yourself and apply it to your life—seeing how everything fits together.

DIY Bible Study

Get started today!

Improve your Bible study with DIY Bible Study and Logos 6. The beginning of the year is the perfect time to get your Bible study started on the right foot.

DIY Bible Study is included in most Logos 6 base packages. You can also get it in the Lexham Bible Study Essentials Bundle, which is over 60% off to celebrate New Year’s!

3 Tips for Sticking with Daily Bible Readings

Logos-6-launch-Small-Group-300x300The new year is the perfect time for a fresh start: we get the chance to reset and create goals for ourselves in hopes of improving our lives. But even if we start the year with the best intentions of developing positive changes, they often fall by the wayside.

One common New Year’s resolution is to read Scripture, whether it’s the Old or New Testament, the entire biblical text, or even just a few verses a day.

Ultimately, it’s not about a New Year’s resolution; it’s about cultivating a daily habit of spending time in the Word.

And with Logos 6, you’ll get the tools you need to stay on track, remain accountable, and reach the goals you set out to accomplish.

Here are three ways Logos 6 will help you stay in the Word this year:

1. Get daily readings delivered to your desktop.

In Logos 6, you’ll always find your daily reading right on your homepage, making it convenient to jump right into your daily passage. Check off each passage when you’re done, then come back the next day—a new passage will be set up and ready for you.

You can start a reading plan in two different ways: either create a custom reading plan by choosing your text and breaking up the readings into manageable sections, or select a premade reading plan to take you through a specific book of the Bible, a thematic topic, or a set of seasonal readings.

Here are some premade reading plans you can choose from:

  • 5 Days on Spiritual Growth
  • 7 Days on Jesus’ Birth
  • 10 Days on Patience
  • 14 Days on Grace
  • 21 Days on Prayer
  • Advent Reading Plan
  • Luke 1 Month
  • The Bible’s Story in 30 Days
  • And many more!

Select these premade plans from either your desktop software or through the free Logos app—your selection will sync across your devices, so you can stay on track no matter where your day takes you.

2. Gain support and accountability through community.

One of the obstacles to sticking with a reading plan on your own is a lack of accountability—it can be difficult to stay motivated or to catch up if you fall behind.

Logos 6 has two types of reading plans: private and group. Group plans provide accountability and follow-through that you don’t have on your own.

If you’re part of a Faithlife Group, you can set up a plan and read together. Not only will reading together hold you accountable, but you’ll also be able to share your thoughts and insights through Community Notes.

You can create a reading plan for your Bible study group, your class, or even your entire church! Let’s say you meet with a small group once a week: instead of having to recall what you read seven days prior, you’ll be able to ask questions and share ideas as you read.

3. Map out a manageable plan in seconds.

When you create a custom reading plan, you get to set your own parameters. Just choose your Bible translation and set a schedule, and Logos will automatically break up the text and generate a plan that fits your criteria.

If you’re not sure where to start, why not go from the beginning? In fact, if you create a plan to read the entire Bible in 90 days starting January 1, you’ll be done by Easter. Your first reading will explore Genesis 1–11, exploring the story of Creation, Noah, and the Tower of Babel. Here’s a taste of what you’ll read:

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

Genesis 1:1–5

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Explore reading plans for yourself and see how they can keep you on track to reach your goals this year: get Logos 6 today!

Plus, for a limited, time, take advantage of introductory discounts and save 15% on your Logos 6 purchase. If you spend at least $500, you’ll also qualify for special bonus gifts.

Don’t Miss Out on Barth’s Church Dogmatics

barths-church-dogmaticsTime’s running out to save 50% on an essential theology collection: Barth’s Church Dogmatics.

For a few more days, you can add this 31-volume collection to your Logos library at an incredible discount.

Get this acclaimed work

This collection is essential for any student of theology, but don’t just take our word for it—see what these publications have to say about Barth’s Church Dogmatics:

Future generations of theological students will have to reckon with Barth’s work just as they have had to come to grips with Augustins, Aquinas, Calvin, and Schleiermacher . . . The chief merit of his work lies not in the doctrinal positions he has taken—though they are important—but in the challenge to a fresh hearing of God’s Word in Scripture by all who are concerned for pure doctrine in the preaching of the church.

Interpretation, 11.1, review of volume 1, part 2

Barth’s greatest influence was theological, with his emphasis on God’s sovereignty placing him firmly in the Reformed (Calvinistic) tradition. He differed radically from the mainstream of continental European theology, rejecting both its subjective emphasis on religious experience and the prevalent idea that Christian doctrine is subject to, or limited by, its historical origins. By reaffirming what Kierkegaard had called an ‘infinite qualitative difference’ between God and humankind, Barth rescued theology from captivity to anthropology—that is, he reasserted God’s reality and sovereignty over human knowledge or imagination.

Who’s Who in Christian History

We also recently discussed the importance of Barth and his works, including:

  • Recognition as one of the greatest Christian thinkers in the modern era
  • His opposition to the Nazi regime and subsequent dismissal
  • The collection’s valuable translations of Greek and Latin
  • The fact that this Logos version contains over 6 million words and is fully searchable

Time is running out!

So what are you waiting for? When 2014 passes, so will the chance to save 50% on this collection of some of Barth’s best-known works.

Don’t wait—this collection goes back to its full price on January 1. Save 50% on Barth’s Church Dogmatics today!

Master Journal Bundle: A Treasure Trove of Insights

master-journal-bundleJournals are an essential resource when it comes to identifying the intimate details of any given subject. Whether you’re doing a word study or exploring the history of a theological concept, journals can help you better understand the various subtleties found in Scripture.

Recognizing their importance in the interpretation of the Word, we’ve created the Master Journal Bundle: our largest collection of journals ever compiled. This collection contains over 1,280 volumes of journals covering a wide variety of topics, such as biblical studies, church history, practical ministry, and more. Worth over $10,000.00 in print, these digitized versions are on Pre-Pub for only $599.95.

Pre-order them today to lock in your price and help move this bundle toward production!

Journals for every student

This collection comes with a variety of journals covering a vast range of subjects. Some of the titles in this collection are:

  • Biblical Archaeologist 55–60, 6 vols. (1992–1997)
  • Bibliotheca Sacra 1–171, 171 vols. (1844–2014)
  • Bulletin for Biblical Research 1–23, 23 vols. (1991–2013)
  • Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 285–368, 84 vols. (1992–2012)
  • Churchman 1, 6, 12–13, 15–21, 32, 38–40, 42–44, 46–126, 99 vols. (1886, 1892, 1898, 1901–1907, 1918, 1924–1926, 1928–1929, 1932–2010)
  • Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal 1–18, 18 vols. (1996–2013)
  • Filología Neotestamentaria 1–22, 22 vols. (1988–2009)
  • First Things 1–25, 25 vols. (1990-2014)
  • Founders Press Journal, 92 vols. (1995–2014)
  • Journal of Biblical Apologetics 1–11, 11 vols. (2000–2008)
  • Journal of Biblical Literature 100–125, 26 vols. (1981–2006)
  • Journal of Discipleship and Family Ministry 1–4, 4 vols. (2010–2014)
  • Journal of Dispensational Theology 10–17, 8 vols. (2006–2013)
  • Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 1–11, 11 vols. (1997–2011)
  • Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 1–37, 37 vols. (1975–2011)
  • Journal of Theological Interpretation 1–6, 6 vols. (2007–2012)
  • Letter and Spirit 1–8, 8 vols. (2005–2013)
  • And more!

You’ll also get various magazines and reviews in this collection, including:

  • Christian History and Biography Magazine 1–99, 99 issues
  • Review of Biblical Literature 1–9, 9 vols. (1998–2006)
  • And more!

Make your journals work for you

With Logos 6, you can get far more from your journals than the standard print versions. Get precise search results from all of your scholarly journals—search a verse in your Passage Guide or Sermon Starter Guide, and your results include a list of links to relevant journal articles both online and in your library. No more filtering out the results you want or performing multiple searches: now you can get results from all your journals at once.

Over a century of knowledge at your fingertips

The Master Journal Bundle can help further your study of the biblical text by offering in-depth analysis of various biblical texts and theological ideas. Formerly, access to this wealth of information was only available through libraries in a cumbersome print format. But now in Logos, you can access all of these completely searchable journals at a fraction of the cost. Make sure to take advantage of the Pre-Pub price of $599.95!

Pre-order the Master Journal Bundle and add a wealth of understanding to your library.

Last Chance to Get Christmas Deals!

Last chance for Christmas deals!You’re running out of time to take advantage of Christmas savings! For just a few more days, you can get great discounts on limited-time Christmas collections, topical bundles, some of our most-requested products, and more.

Save big on Christmas collections

Packed with over 40 commentary volumes on specific books like Matthew, Luke, Acts, Psalms, and more, Christmas collections are a deal you don’t want to miss! But you have to hurry: these collections are only available through December 31.

You’ll get volumes from popular commentary series like the New American Commentary Series, the International Critical Commentary Series, and the Pillar New Testament Commentary.

Check them out now!

Get 15% off topical bundles

During the Christmas sale, you can save 15% on topical bundles when you use coupon code BUNDLEUP14 at checkout. These bundles include a selection of resources essential to a specific area of study, like Old Testament studies, counseling, and preaching. 

Don’t miss your chance to get 15% off topical bundles today!

All 12 Days of Logos deals are live!

For this year’s 12 Days of Logos sale, we put 12 top resources on sale (plus one extra!), and right now you can save on every single one. This is a great opportunity to save on works like the New International Commentary on the Old Testament and New Testament, the Anchor Yale Bible Commentary, and the Timothy Keller Sermon Archive. 

Get them now before they’re gone!

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Christmas collections, 12 Days of Logos savings, bundles on the topics you care about—these deals aren’t gone yet, but they will be at 11:59 p.m. (PST) on December 31.

Take advantage of the Christmas sale before it’s too late!

 

Load Your New Tablet with Great Books

TabletBundle_ProductImg_MaxWe built a bundle specially designed for your new tablet or phone, so that brand-new device you unwrapped yesterday can be delivering insight today.

To get started, download what we’re sure will be your favorite iOS or Android app—Bible by Logos for mobile. It’s free, and it allows you to carry your library along wherever your life takes you.

Then, get the newly constructed Tablet Bundle, designed specifically for reading on your mobile devices. Until January 2, this companion to the Logos app is available at a fantastic price. It features eight classics of Christian living, theology, prayer, and spiritual development, all at 50% off what you would pay for them if you purchased them individually. These classic page-swiping resources are sure to prepare you for a new year, help you live out your resolutions, and revolutionize your personal and group Bible studies.

These books come fully tagged as Logos resources and are integrated into the Logos desktop software, but they’re also ideal for reading cover to cover on your mobile device.

You’ll see familiar names like John Piper, N.T. Wright, R.C. Sproul, and D.L. Moody on the topics of grace, the Christian life, and Jesus.

This collection also includes a resource new to Logos: George MacDonald’s The Gifts of the Child Christ and Other Tales—ideal for reading to your children at their bedside from your tablet or phone. And for those seeking a challenge to grow in their spiritual life, The Imitation of Christ provides that classic in spiritual development and the pursuit of holiness.

But this deal won’t last: get it now before it expires January 2!