Get into Genesis with the Lexham Bible Guides

We all wish we could buy time, even just a few hours to get a project done. With the Lexham Bible Guides: Genesis Collection, pastors can essentially do just that.

From creation through the patriarch narratives, the Lexham Bible Guides: Genesis Collection empowers you to interpret some of the most difficult and important chapters of the Bible. Both volumes prepare you to immerse yourself in passages you’ve read dozens of times—and walk away with entirely new insights.

The Lexham Bible Guides direct you to the best commentaries for the subject you’re researching. The Genesis Collection offers a complete introduction to each literary unit of the book, keeping you focused and helping you conduct more thorough research in a fraction of the time you usually spend hunting through commentaries on your own. You’ll also get an overview of the each passage’s structure, its place within Genesis and within the canon, major issues within the passage, key word studies, and an application to help you make this degree of research relevant for your faith community.

You already know that commentators hold a variety of views on God’s acceptance of Abel’s offering and not Cain’s. With the Lexham Bible Guides: Genesis Collection, you’ll get an overview of those opinions, with definitions of original-language words and links to commentaries that explore each standpoint in depth. Take a look at an excerpt:

The Offerings of Cain and Abel

The reason God favored Abel’s offering and not Cain’s remains a matter of debate. Both men brought offerings related to their vocation. Some commentators contend that this passage reflects a preference for blood sacrifice. Others argue that the narrator gives no clues as to God’s preference for one offering over the other. This latter view regards God’s sovereignty and divine election as responsible. Another interpretation, based on Heb 11:4, suggests that God preferred Abel’s offering because Abel demonstrated a righteous motivation in worship where Cain did not. The most common view, however, explains that God rejected Cain’s offering because of its quality. Abel offered the “firstborn” (bekhorah) of his flock (Gen 4:4); Cain failed to offer the “firstfruits” (bikkurim) of his yield (Gen 4:2; compare Exod 23:19).

  • Walter Brueggemann calls God’s preference for Abel’s offering inexplicable and recommends that interpreters resist the temptation to explain what the narrator leaves unexplained. He argues that the freedom of God is the main point.
  • Kenneth A. Mathews contends that a flaw in Cain’s intention prompted God’s rejection. He argues that God rejected the integrity of the giver, not the nature of the offering.
  • John Skinner argues that God’s preference for Abel’s offering reflects a preference for animal offerings over vegetable offerings.
  • Bruce Waltke examines the interpretive options, concluding that God rejected Cain’s offering because Cain did not bring the best of his harvest, revealing that he was not dependent on God.

How much time would you have invested in finding these resources on your own? Why do the work when Logos has already done it for you?

When you purchase the two-volume Lexham Bible Guides: Genesis Collection, Lexham Bible Guide: Genesis 1–11 will download immediately. Lexham Bible Guide: Genesis 12–50 will download when it is released. Get yours today!

*  *  *

It’s time to upgrade to Logos 5. See the special pricing our Custom Upgrade Discount Calculator has for you.


  1. Barry Quensel says

    God explained to Adam and Eve that by the shedding of innocent blood they would be covered. Abel’s sacrifice was accepted because he followed God’s instruction. Cain’s sacrifice was rejected because he didn’t follow God’s instruction. He offered the works of his hands in arrogance and was rejected. If this is what for scholarship at Lexham it is totally worthless. I can not recommend this commentary to anyone.

    • Barry Q. I imagine you are referencing God’s providing the coverings of skins for Adam and Eve after their deception/disobedience (Gen 3:21). However, this is a provision because of God’s mercy and grace by action not by word. When one posts a comment that is not accurate, and that is ungracious as well, it does not come across in the manner that Christ exemplified for us-The Word became flesh and lived among us…full of grace and truth. I will have to commend J. Barry for his gracious manner and and for seeking truth in his response.

      By the way, I have been using Logos (Libronix) for about 20 years and have found it invaluable. I just preached on John 1 last weekend and felt like I needed to respond (I usually don’t). Merry Christmas to all; the Lord has come!

  2. Thanks for your comment/feedback. What passage are you referencing, where God tells Adam and Eve that by shedding of innocent blood they would be covered? (I don’t recall God making such a statement to Adam and Eve.)

    • Barry Quensel says

      Yes I was referring to Genesis 3:21 and God was physically present and appearing to the two and they at least watched what God was doing. Now prior to this verse God does quite a bit of speaking and it is not necessarily all included for us. I said explained and whether by word or action God certainly explained many things to Adam and Eve that day.
      Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings. Genesis 3:7
      Also for Adam and his wife the LORD God made tunics of skin, and clothed them. Genesis 3:21
      What was wrong with the fig leaf aprons? Adam and Eve made them with fruit from the ground. Who killed the animals and made the aprons of skins? God himself made them. By the way this is a good example of grace. God does all the work and man does nothing to deserve or earn it.
      And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to the LORD. Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And the LORD respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. Genesis 4:3–5
      How did Cain know his offering was not accepted while Abel’s was? God sent fire from heaven and consumed the acceptable offering. The bible does not mention some things often but they probably occurred more than we realize. For example what about the Shekinah in the Tabernacle and the Temple? This Glory of God led the people in the wilderness and occupied the Tabernacle. It also moved to the Temple (see below) and it departed and has not returned since the days before the Babylonian captivity. Ezekiel 11:23
      Then the fire of the LORD fell and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and it licked up the water that was in the trench. 1 Kings 18:38
      When Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the temple. 2 Chronicles 7:1
      And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission. Hebrews 9:22
      Especially the rest of chapter 10 of Hebrews explains the shedding of blood of animals is only covering and that Jesus Christ specifically was the one promised to Eve in the garden to shed blood that is acceptable to God. Verse 7 tells us that the bible is written from cover to cover about Jesus Christ so many things in the first part of the bible are about Christ. The serpent on a stick in Numbers 21 is a good example because you only find out what it means when Jesus Christ explains it to Nicodemus in John 3:14
      And I will put enmity
      Between you and the woman,
      And between your seed and her Seed; Genesis 3:15
      By the way women do not produce seed. This phrase hints about a child born without a human father. The seed is singular and designates the one God has appointed and anointed. In Hebrew this person is called Messiah, the anointed one, and in Greek the word used is Christ.
      I am not a very cogent presenter but I believe that a commentary should at least show belief in the accuracy of the bible since God says as I pointed out that the volume of the bible is about Him and He is Truth.

  3. Clifford F. says

    I suspect that the Logos forum is probably the worse place to fling speculative commentary that appears to come from personal musings rather than a prudent use of the tools for which Logos is so well known. Unless, of course, this is a calculated ruse with the intent of provoking Logos aided scholars to display their work for the benefit of those who don’t have the time to do so- work that is. But if not, then I’d love to share a bit of my mother’s wisdom. She said, ’tis better to be silent and thought… oh well, you get the idea. I just imagine that the Lexham Bible Guides are a God-send for all.

  4. Barry Quensel says

    Commentaries that deny the truth of God’s word are spreading lies and deceit to others who use them. These others then spread the lies and deceive many. Commentaries on the bible that show unbelief in the bible are an insidious form of deception that can spread. Paul, Peter (Simon), James (Jacob), and Jude (Judas) as well as Jesus himself all warn against apostasy, a falling away from the truth, so these did not keep silent but wrote the New Testament. A good example of keeping silent is Germany in the 1930s where the silent pulpits were responsible for millions of deaths. The bible is the express will of God for mankind, to insinuate that it is Jewish myth or that it was written by multiple shadowy unknown figures is against God or even that is only the opinion or belief of a man spreading a lie. Jesus quoted most of the Old Testament books and often identified their authors. He should know. While all scripture is God breathed if you check 1st Chronicles where David instructs his elder son Jedidiah (Solomon) on how the temple is to be built you will find that David says God guided his hand in making the drawings. (Drawings not included in scripture.)