Genre & Source Visual Filtering for the OT

Daniel Foster just came to me and said, “Hey, I didn’t know that the Andersen-Forbes Analyzed Text has two resource-specific visual filters!” I said, “Sure, I thought everybody knew that.”
Well, if Daniel doesn’t know … okay, I guess almost nobody knows.

Visual What?
“Visual filter” may sound like something you do to a photograph to reduce red eye, but in fact it’s a simple and flexible feature that the Libronix DLS can use to modify a book’s formatting or content on the fly — that is, right when it’s being displayed. A simple visual filter is the Page Numbers visual filter, which shows page numbers inline (for resources that have page number tagging).

To turn on the Page Numbers visual filter:

  1. With no books open, choose View | Visual Filters from the LDLS main menu.
  2. Chose the Page Numbers item from the list of available filters on the left.
  3. Click the Add button to add it to the list of active filters on the right.

Now any book in your library that has page number tagging will show those page numbers inline in the text, like so:

Larger Version

Resource-Specific Visual Filters
I just had you turn on the Page Numbers visual filter for every book in your library, but we could have turned it on for only one resource instead. In fact, some visual filters only apply to certain types of resources (say, morphologically tagged Bibles) or even certain individual resources. To turn on a resource-specific visual filter:

  1. Open the Andersen-Forbes Analyzed Text resource.
  2. Choose View | Visual Filters from the LDLS main menu.
  3. Choose the “Window” radio button at the top of the dialog, and make sure that the drop-down list contains the title of the book you want to “filterize.”
  4. Choose the the filter to apply from the list of available filters and click the Add button to add it. Click the Details button to specify additional settings for the filter, if their are any.

Which brings me back to …
… the two resource-specific visual filters that apply only to the Andersen-Forbes Analyzed Text (AFAT) of the Hebrew Bible. To get access to these filters, you have to open AFAT, and then choose View | Visual Filters from the main menu. If you have some other book open, these two filters won’t show up, because they don’t apply to just any old book — they’re specific to AFAT only.

The Insert Andersen-Forbes Genre Tags visual filter inserts inline genre indicators into the AFAT resource. When the visual filter is applied, each block of text is introduced by a genre label, according to the Andersen-Forbes genre scheme. For example, a block of narrative will be introduced by the label [Narrative]:

Genre labeling of Genesis 3

The Color by Eissfeldt Source visual filter adds color highlighting to The Hebrew Bible : Andersen-Forbes Analyzed Text resource based on documentary source attributions for the hexeteuch, or the first six books of the Hebrew Bible. Eissfeldt’s sources are colored thusly:

  • red — Yahwist (J)
  • blue — Elohist (E)
  • green — Deuteronomist (D)
  • purple — Priestly (P)
  • orange — Holiness Code (H)
  • navy — Lay (L)

Source coloration of Genesis 2

You can turn either or both of these filters on or off at will by calling up View | Visual Filters. Now you know, which (as they say) is half the battle.


  1. Can you change the color of the JEDP colors or are they set in stone?

  2. They are set in stone for now. We may eventually put in all the dialogs for user-specified markup, depending on how popular this feature is.

  3. This is very helpful, but I still can’t get the page numbers in my BDAG to show up, even when done as resource specific. I’m using 3.0.

  4. Quite amazing! However, my Genesis 2:1-4 verses are all blue, not some blue/some purple. My Genesis 1 is purple. I wonder why? I do like this idea though!

  5. Interesting that the JEDP chesnut is still trotted out. This 18th-19th century textually critical theory has been mostly abandoned even by it’s original liberal proponents. Still, this feature is educationally interesting and semi-useful for my OT intro course.

  6. I am unable to get this to work with BDAG, using either the global command or the resource-specific. That leaves me having to export to Word whenever I want to know what page I was so I can cite the reference it. Am I missing something?

  7. Hi sprybot. By “this” I guess you mean the Page Numbers visual filter, since the other two filters don’t apply to the Bauer Greek Lexicon.
    I don’t know what the problem might be; both the second (BADG) and third (BDAG) editions of the Logos versions of that lexicon have page number markup, and I tried the filter and it showed up fine for me. One thing though: the default formatting for the page number is red, and BDAG has a lot of cross-reference jumps which are also red, so it may just be getting lost in the visual shuffle. You can change the formatting of the page number filter by pressing the “Details” button in the Visual Filters dialog.
    Or make sure you have the latest version of the resource:
    But even if you can’t get the filter to work, you shouldn’t have to export to Word to find out the page number. The second button from the left on the resource toolbar, just after the location/navigation drop-down box and the green arrow button — it looks like a piece of paper with the upper-right corner dog-eared down — is the Active Index button. By default, the active index of a lexicon is “Topics.” Since that’s usually how you navigate a lexicon, by headword, so that makes sense. If, however, you change the active index to Page Number by pressing the Active Index button and choosing “Page Number” from the menu that appears, then the navigation box will show page numbers as you scroll through the book.
    Wow … this is long enough I should have made a blog post.
    Hope that helps!

  8. Hi Chris.
    Exactly: You don’t have to agree with JDEP or source criticism in general in order to find this feature useful. For example, you can now test assertions about the sources empirically.
    “Such and such never happens in source X,” a commentary author may assert. With an Andersen-Forbes syntax search, limited to searching only source X, you might just be able to put the lie to that assertion. “I can see how you might think that,” you can reply, “but what about these nine verses?”
    You can also see, by browsing the colored text, where the alleged sources look more like random snippets than self-contained coherent documents.

  9. Thanks Eli, I’ll work on it but the “active index” tip is already proving helpful!
    This is unrelated and on the wrong post, but I’m curious about my Nestle-Aland 27 Greek NT. It was pointed out in class this week that the NA27 shouldn’t show capitalization but does in Logos. Is this valid and does that mean this isn’t a true NA27? (And can we get the NA27 textual apparatus without having to buy the SESB?)
    Sorry–lots of questions!

  10. Good read, You make reasonable points in a concise and pertinent fashion, I will read more of your work, thank you for your time.