The Lexham Clausal Outlines of the Greek New Testament

I’ve blogged a lot about new resources and capabilities in the realm of Greek syntax over the past months.

One piece of that puzzle that I haven’t blogged about at all is a work that is called The Lexham Clausal Outlines of the Greek New Testament by Dr. Dean Deppe of Calvin Theological Seminary.

Part structural outline, part block diagram and part clausal annotation, this is a unique work that preachers and expositors will find helpful as they examine larger chunks of the Greek New Testament in preparation for teaching and preaching or for personal study.

Let’s examine a few passages and see what sort of information the Clausal Outlines provide.

John 1.1-18

One thing we see upon examining the first chapter of John is that the first 18 verses have been divided into a structure of five “stanzas” with three interludes:

  • Stanza 1: Eternity (1.1-2)
  • Stanza 2: Creation (1.3-5)
  • Interlude: John the Baptist (1.6-9)
  • Stanza 3: Rejection (1.10-11)
  • Interlude (1.12-13)
  • Stanza 4: Incarnation (1.14, 16b)
  • Interlude (1.15-17)
  • Stanza 5: Summary (1.18)

This gives a clue to the structure of the passage as analyzed by Dr. Deppe. So some suggestion as to structure is provided.
Additionally, clausal annotation and some block-style diagramming is available.

The column on the left reflects basic annotation by Dr. Deppe. In this case, he has noted that the current structure contains main verbs (see next example below for some better examples of this column’s usage). The text is broken up vertically and horizontally, and within each line is divided into groups or units.

You can see the repeated elements (??, ? ?????, ???? ??? ????, and ?? ????) much more easily than you would if just the printed or normally formatted electronic edition was being evaluated. Using Dr. Deppe’s arrangement, you’re more likely to note these sorts of things: Where the same verb is used and repeated, where similar prepositional phrases are used in close sequence, where similar vocabulary is used — things like that.

Matthew 5.1-12

Not all outlines offer the same level of detail as that of the first portion of John 1.1-18. The Beatitudes (Mt 5.1-12), for example, are treated as one section. Click on the thumbnail graphic below to see the arrangement.

You can again immediately see some things in common in the structure; there’s more that I haven’t highlighted.

As has been discussed before on this blog regarding syntactic and grammatical information, there are many different dimensions to cover. As such, any one presentation will fall short if it has complete and comprehensive coverage and annotation as its goal. Dr. Deppe’s work does not purport to be an end-all, be-all block diagramming solution. Rather, the text is presented in the order found in the UBS4 edition with horizontal and vertical spacing to draw attention to some of the larger trends that Dr. Deppe noted when working through the text. This, combined with the concise clausal annotation, makes for a resource (when the interlinear lines are turned on and arranged how you want them, like the image below) that can be of tremendous value in working through a passage to determine how to preach it, or how to teach the major points to a class or small group.

Dr. Deppe has even included examples of usage for the outlines of Ephesians and Colossians. This will help familiarize you with how he uses the work, what sorts of things he looks for, and how he applies the information to preaching and teaching.

This resource is available in the current Logos Bible Software 3.0 beta version, though that edition has an unfortunate error in implementation on my part. A completely revised edition (reflected in the above screen captures) will be made available with the next beta release of Logos Bible Software.


  1. This is great! I’ve been doing this kind of work in my own study, so it will be useful to compare notes with a recognised source.

  2. I do not find this resource in my current Logos Bible Software 3.0 beta version. (And I do have the 3.0 beta version) How shall I look for it?

  3. Hi David.
    You need to install both the beta and the beta resources. The beta resource install is located at: . Please note this may be a sizeable download.
    After installing the beta resources, start Logos. You’ll need to pause and let the LDLS ‘discover’ the new resources you just installed.
    Then open “My Library” and type in part of the title, like “Clausal Outlines”. There was a title discrepancy in the first beta version, the word ‘Lexham’ wasn’t included and that seems to be what most folks searched for to locate the title. That will be resolved in the next beta.
    Hope it helps,
    – Rick

  4. Randy Jones says

    Is this a resource that is going to be available to everyone when version 3 is released? Or is it something that has to be purchased separately? This is some of the very kind of studying that I want to do. It will be great to have stuff this at our disposal.

  5. Hi Randy.
    I’m not quite sure of the different configurations that will be released with version 3; but we’ll certainly announce more about configurations as we get ready to release the new version.
    – Rick