ETS/SBL Sessions Relating to Logos, Part 2

As noted in Part 1, a number of presentations and papers at ETS and SBL will touch on Logos Bible Software in some way.

Four SBL presentations relate to Logos (I covered ETS in Part 1, if you missed it).

On Monday morning (S21-15), check out Dr. Steven Cox’s paper on integrating technology such as Logos Bible Software into the classroom to enhance the teaching and research of biblical Greek.

That afternoon (S21-107), sit in on the Computer Assisted Research session as Dr. Al Lukaszewski discusses and shows his work on a syntactically tagged database he’s developing for Logos. Stick around for a presentation later in that same session by Matthew O’Donnell and Catherine Smith, who are working with the Louw-Nida lexicon to perform computational analysis of the Greek New Testament. O’Donnell is with, our partner in developing a syntactically annotated Greek NT.

Finally, on Tuesday head over to the “Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew” session where you’ll hear from Dr. A. Dean Forbes on how phrase marker analysis of the Hebrew Bible opens up new avenues of research. Logos is partnering with Dr. Francis I. Andersen and Dr. Forbes to make their tagged Hebrew text available so you can do this kind of work, too!

Full details for each session follow…

Highlighted titles are Logos-related.

S21-15: Computer Assisted Research

9:00 AM to 11:00 AM
Room: Room 411 & 412 – Marriott
Theme: General Session
Jon Taylor, University of Great Falls, Presiding
Researching and Teaching Greek Using Computerized Media (30 min)
Steven L. Cox, Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary

…The design of this paper is to demonstrate effective ways in which professors and students may integrate technology in the classroom that will stimulate a desire to work with biblical languages long after the student graduates from colleges, universities, and/or seminaries…The desire is to show how computer assisted research and teaching does not simply involve “cut and pasting,” but how such research can enhance processing and evaluating the data under consideration. Illustrations from Philippians (the Greek text) will be made. A conclusion and selected bibliography will close this work.

Visualizing the Gospels (30 min)
Sean Boisen, SemanticBible
Publishing Critical Texts on the Web: Issues in Mounting the Online Critical Pseudepigrapha (30 min)
Ken Penner, McMaster University and Ian W. Scott, A _Not Found
Election of new CARG Chair
Business Meeting (30 min)

S21-107: Computer Assisted Research

4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Room: Room 411 & 412 – Marriott
Theme: Computational Linguistics
Alfred Benney, Fairfield University, Presiding
The methods of the rapidly developing field of Natural Language Processing (NLP) by computers are applyed to Biblical texts by presenters in this session.
Self-Organizing Maps (SOM) and Visualizing the Hebrew Bible (30 min)
Kirk Lowery, Westminster Theological Seminary and Patrick Durusau
A Syntactic Database of the New Testament (30 min)
Albert Lukaszewski, University of St Andrews

For some time, scholarship has been privileged to have access to electronic morphological datasets of the New Testament. However, the restrictions of morphological tagging is plain to those who regularly use these databases. While being able to compare forms and repetition across texts, one lacks a means of comparing the force and function of words and clauses. To this end, the present author has begun development of a syntactically annotated database of the New Testament which will be published in the Fairhaven series of Logos Research Systems. This database allows for the searching of words and clause structures by force and function. This paper details the procedure used in developing the dataset and graphically illustrates the end result.

Morph Unicode Hebrew Database Integration for a Layered Clause Parser (30 min)
George W. Yaeger, Aster Institute
Joining for Judges: Developing Tools for Hebrew RRG (30 min)
Nicolai Winther-Nielsen, Copenhagen Lutheran School of Theology (DBI)
“Caught in a Syn-Net” – Using the Louw-Nida Lexicon in the Computational Analysis of Hellenistic Greek (30 min)
Matthew Brook O’Donnell, and Catherine J. Smith, University of Birmingham

The WordNet database, which organizes English vocabulary into sets of synonyms (‘synsets’) representing lexical concepts, has become a important component in many NLP applications that perform tasks such as word-sense disambiguation, text summarization and information retrieval. Although developed from a different theoretical perspective, the Louw-Nida Semantic Domain Lexicon provides a similar resource for the computational analysis of the Greek New Testament. Words are classified into entities, activities, characteristics and relations, and then into further domains and subdomains within each of these divisions. This paper demonstrates the use of the Louw-Nida lexicon in the computational analysis of the Greek New Testament and considers its wider application to Hellenistic Greek, including the LXX. This paper first demonstrates the use of visualization techniques to display domain patterns across a text, which are of value in discourse analysis and text summarization. The use of lexical statistics and collocational analysis is limited in studies of the GNT because of its small size. The second application in this paper, however, shows how the combination of syntactical annotation and LN domain categories with collocational analysis can contribute to the development of new lexical resources through the ‘lexical profile’. A key limitation of the LN domain lexicon for computational applications is the classification of single lexical items to a number of domains without full disambiguation. This paper seeks to address this by drawing on work in Computational Linguistics on word sense classification and disambiguation in developing an algorithm for disambiguating between the possible domains values for a word within discourse. The paper concludes with a brief consideration of how a semantic-tagger might be developed to apply the LN categories to Hellenistic Greek outside the New Testament.

S22-10: Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew

9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Room: Room 109-A – Pennsylvania Convention Center
Barry Bandstra, Hope College, Presiding
Adventures in the Biblical Syntactic Forest: Studies Enabled by Phrase Markers (30 min)
A. Dean Forbes, University of California, Berkeley

The syntactic categories, precedence relations, and dominance relations describing the constituents making up clauses are all concisely presented in their phrase markers. Having a complete set of phrase markers for the Hebrew Bible allows one readily to address questions that were formerly either out of reach or highly Sitzfleish-intensive. In this paper, we provide examples illustrating the usefulness of phrase marker analysis in four sorts of contexts: 1. constituent incidence: complex nomina recta; 2. constituent precedence: OSV in the Hebrew Bible; 3. constituent dominance: prepositional phrase attachment; 4. syntactic complexity: clause complexity versus genre and source in Genesis

The Syntax of Comparative Constructions (30 min)
Cynthia L. Miller, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Break (10 min)
Business Meeting (20 min)
Mood/Modality in Biblical Hebrew Verb Theory (30 min)
John A. Cook, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Syntactic Structures and Semantic Effects in the Psalms (30 min)
Luis Vegas-Montaner, Universidad Complutense de Madrid


  1. Who ruined a perfectly good cup of coffee with cream / milk? Straight from the hands of God and Juan Valdez! :-)