Bible Word Study Report Part III: KeyLinks

We’ve talked about how to start up the report with a Greek word from the ESV English-Greek Reverse Interlinear, and we’ve talked about the report header. Today we talk about the KeyLink section of the Bible Word Study report.

To refresh our collective memories, we’re looking at 1Th 2.16. So here it is in the reverse interlinear, with the phrase in question marked up using new Visual Markup features.

So let’s look at KeyLinks.
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Leaving the West Coast

Landon Norton here from the Bible Road Trip RV with the first of what will inevitably be many entries over the next 5 weeks.

After a one-way plane ride to San Diego to meet Bob Pritchett and relieve him and his family, Kristine, my wife (pregnant with Nicholas Drew – a boy due late July), Taylor (our 19 month old daughter) and I decided to take the RV over to Sea World and the world famous San Diego Zoo for some sightseeing before starting out on our 37-day leg of the Bible Road Trip.

SIDENOTE: We learned a very valuable lesson here about where to park as we had to stop parking lot traffic and complete what must have been the world’s first 27-point turnaround to extricate ourselves from the busy parking lot.
Bushed, we spent the night at Mission Bay RV Park before leaving the west coast as the sun went down behind us on Interstate 8. As we rolled along towards the next Road Trip stops in Phoenix, AZ, we received many curious stares, many picture takers and even one enthusiastically honking youth who had a massive “Jesus Freak – Hard Core” window decal adorning his truck window. We headed east through the desert along the southern border of the United States and little did we know that those 7 hours on the road would be the most relaxing time we would have that weekend.

Pulling in to the Desert’s Edge RV Park at 10:30pm Sunday night, we encountered electrical problems when attempting to “jack” the RV up for the night and were unable to put all the legs down or slide out the living room and bedroom. Calling roadside assistance could not even resolve our 3-legged coach or our cramped quarters overnight because of the late hour so Monday I spent most of the day with a pleasant technician named Chad who finally found and flipped the breaker (now I know where it is for next time!) which reset the electricity to the system and who (after somewhat reluctantly accepting a Logos Bible Software water bottle full of ice-cold water for his help) sent us on our way. Unfortunately, not before the added trauma of Taylor’s first face-to-face meeting with asphalt!

Backing our schedule up this much caused us much distress as we rallied to attend our scheduled event at Stone Creek on Monday night. Audiences there and at Red Mountain Christian Church in Mesa, AZ on Tuesday, the 16th, were excited and thrilled to experience firsthand the myriad of new features and resources in Logos 3 as we spent two evenings in Phoenix studying God’s Word using these amazing, brand-new tools.

We woke up yesterday, with a bit of a reprieve as we had only a short, yet beautiful drive out of the desert basin up to Flagstaff, AZ which sits at over 6000 feet elevation. On the way we had lunch at In-N-Out (if there’s a better burger in America, I haven’t found it!), and visited gorgeous Sedona, AZ, stopping for some pictures of the RV in front of some of the most breathtaking and amazing handiwork our Creator ever touched.

Last night, we were at Hoffmantown Church in Albuquerque, NM to introduce people to this amazing new software and fellowship with long-time users of Logos Bible Software. We are privileged to be a part of such an awesome endeavor for His glory and we look forward to meeting people across the Midwest who are hungry for better bible study and the inevitable impact that it will have on their children, church, community.

We’ll check in again soon…

From the RV,
The Norton Three (+1)
(View more Bible Road Trip photos on our page at Flickr.)

RevInt II: Reverse Interlinear Lines

(See also: RevInt I: Reverse Interlinear Resources)

You can profitably use a reverse interlinear by just reading it. I’ll look into some of the ways that Reverse Interlinears can be used in later posts, but first let’s just look at all the lines of information that are available in the two ESV reverse interlinears.

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Bible Word Study Report Part II: Report Header

A few days back, I blogged about the Bible Word Study report. There I talked about how to run the Bible Word Study report on the underlying Greek word from an English text. In that post, we started the process of running a Bible Word Study on the word translated “to fill up the measure of” in the ESV, ἀναπληρόω. For a refresher, here’s the text of 1Th 2.16 in the ESV English-Greek Reverse Interlinear New Testament:

The next posts in this series will walk through each of the major sections of the Bible Word Study report. Today we start with the Report header section. I know I said last time that we’d dig into KeyLinks, but there’s so much happening in just the report header that it merits its own discussion.

This is more than just an attractive header, it conveys a lot of information and leads to more information that you might not necessarily think to examine. Check out the image below to see the different parts of the header.

(Yes, we’ll get into the Properties and the other icons on the toolbar in later posts)

In the above image you can see five primary pieces that form the header. Some of this content is static, other content is dynamic. Portions of the header include:

  • Lexical Form
  • Pronunciation (optional, not installed on the machine I’m using for this post)
  • Gloss from Preferred KeyLink
  • Horizontal Ellipsis () indicating further glosses are available
  • Gloss Source
  • Lemma Density Chart, also known as a sparkline

I’ll discuss each of these in turn.

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RevInt I: Reverse Interlinear Resources

Some of my favorite new Logos Bible Software 3 (LBS3) resources are the new reverse interlinear Bibles (after Hebrew Syntax, of course) — and not just because I worked on them.

A reverse interlinear in LBS3 is many things: It’s a Bible version that shows the original language words behind the translation; it’s a Bible with stronger-than-Strong’s tagging; but most importantly, it’s a bridge from here to there, from a translation back to the original language text that lies beneath. Furthermore, it’s a bridge that anyone can cross.

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Bible Word Study Report Part I: Overview

I’m in a home Bible study group that is studying First Thessalonians. So I was reading it the other morning, working through the second half of chapter 2. I stumbled across the following. Note the italicised phrase:

14 For you, brothers, became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea. For you suffered the same things from your own countrymen as they did from the Jews, 15 who killed both the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and drove us out, and displease God and oppose all mankind 16 by hindering us from speaking to the Gentiles that they might be saved—so as always to fill up the measure of their sins. But God’s wrath has come upon them at last! (1Th 2.14-16, ESV)

The phrase “so as to always fill up the measure of their sins” didn’t make much sense to me. I can figure out what it might mean based on contextual clues in the ESV, but it still seems weird. So I thought I’d use Logos Bible Software 3 and the The ESV English-Greek Reverse Interlinear New Testament to get from the English to the Greek, and then the Bible Word Study report to understand more about the contexts in which the underlying Greek appears in the New Testament. This series of posts will hopefully help in illustrating some of these features.
First we’ll look into how to run the Bible Word Study report from the Greek if our starting point is an English text.

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Day Eleven: Technical Difficulties

Day Eleven saw the Pritchett family off to the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace for another attempt at some education. Despite protests beforehand, the kids paid attention and learned a bit about the presidency and American politics. And we got to see the bulletproof presidential limo.

In the evening we headed over to Faith Community Church, where we found a pretty impressive technical setup with multiple projection screens. The only problem was that my laptop couldn’t “see” the projector over the extra long video cable. It would not switch into projection mode because it did not see the projector. After a bunch of messing around with the help of Faith Community’s great tech team, we discovered that we could go into projection mode using a short cable and my backup projector and then swap the longer cable in without leaving the mode. It all worked just in time.

Tonight is my last presentation before flying home from San Diego tomorrow. Landon Norton, one of our Ministry Relations reps, will be flying in with his family to take the RV on the next leg of its journey around America.

I have really enjoyed being on the road with my family, and it has been fantastic meeting so many people at the evening events. If you are anywhere near San Juan Capistrano, California, I hope you’ll come out and join us tonight at Ocean Hills Church.

Day Nine: Cars

After ancient artifacts, I decided to do something on the kids’ list. So we went to a go-kart racetrack and arcade. It was pretty empty on a Tuesday afternoon, so they got to do all the racing and game playing they could handle.

In the evening we were at the beautiful New Life Community Church in Artesia, California. I was impressed by the large wall of windows in the sanctuary looking out onto a huge lawn. I was surprised to hear that it was designed to allow drive-in attendance, and that some people still show up for services in their car.

After the presentation a Logos user brought me his copy of Fire Someone Today to sign. Even better, he was wearing a Facilitates Serendipitous Discovery t-shirt!
Next stop: Faith Community Church in Irvine, California.

Differences in Syntax Searches and Morphology Searches

Rubén Gómez, in his Bible Software Review Weblog, gives us an example of Graphical Searches in different software applications.

He uses H. Van Dyke Parunak’s article on “Computers and Biblical Studies” in Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary as a basis. The article (Vol 1 p. 1118) says:

Particularly powerful patterns are possible in a language that allows one to ask (for example) for all verbs that occur within three words of the phrase “in Christ,” without intervening verbs. A high proportion of the targets matching such a pattern will be clauses in which the prepositional phrase in fact modifies the verb.
Freedman, D. N. (1996, c2008). The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1:1118). New Haven, CT: Yale.

The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (ABD) was published in 1992. At that time, Parunak’s underlying target result — clauses in which the prepositional phrase translated “in Christ” modifies the verb of the clause (or, better stated, locating references to the kinds of action done “in Christ”) — could only be approximated using morphological searching criteria: “for all verbs that occur within three words of the phrase ‘in Christ,’ without intervening verbs”.

But what Parunak’s target result really demands is a search that is sensitive to syntax, not just morphology and word proximity. What about when more than three words occur between the verb and the preposition? What if the prepositional phrase isn’t contiguous?

Syntax searches in Logos Bible Software 3 have no such limitations.
(Note: this post has been updated, see the bottom Update section and, of course, comments for further thoughts on syntax and morphology)

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I don’t take my Bible to church any more …

The ink-on-pressed-tree-pulp-wrapped-in-calfskin one, that is. Nowadays, I take my laptop with Logos Bible Software 3 instead. Sure, I raise a few eyebrows, but most everyone at church knows I work for Logos, and so they know (I hope) that I’m not surfing the internet or playing a first-person shooter game during the sermon. I do have to remember to turn the mute button on, though. The Libronix startup sound is nice enough, but not during the opening prayer.

I don’t know about you, but I just can’t turn my dead-tree version fast enough to find Scripture citations when they come fast and furious from the pulpit. If the sermon jumps around a lot, I’m lost pretty quickly. I find myself singing the Bible books song to myself to remember where the books are. Even then it’s tough, because I usually work on original language versions of the Old Testament, so I get messed up by the differences between the “English” and the Hebrew ordering of the Tanakh. (Ruth isn’t after Judges, it’s after Proverbs, which is closer to the end than it is to the middle. And the last book isn’t Malachi, it’s 1 and 2 Chronicles, which are after Ezra and Nehemiah … well, you get the picture.)

But with Logos on my lap, I can keep up pretty well. I can better than just keep up, in fact.
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