Richard Longenecker’s Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period

Understanding the way that the Old Testament is used in the New Testament is an important part of Bible study. When you’re studying a New Testament passage that quotes the Old Testament, you need to know the reference and study further to discern the reason for the reference.
We have several resources that help with identifying the quotations (from modern translation cross references and parallel passage sets) and even have resources like Carson & Beale’s massive and helpful Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament.
But have you ever wanted to read and work through a study on how exegesis was done in the time of the New Testament? That’s what Richard N. Longenecker gives us with his excellent study Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period. Longenecker gives us less of the “what” and “who” and much more of the “why”. He explains it like this in his introduction:

To speak of “Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period” is, of course, to suggest something of our concerns and limitations. But more particularly it must be said that, in the first place, our interest is primarily with exegetical procedures—that is, with specific exegetical practices, with the presuppositions that underlie those practices, and with the manner in which biblical exegesis was carried on in the apostolic period—and only secondarily and as derived from such an inquiry will we concern ourselves with the broader issues of the relation between the testaments and the development of biblical religion. Secondly, the focus of our attention will be on the biblical quotations used by the various writers of the New Testament, and less directly on their development of biblical themes, the structure of their compositions, their allusive use of biblical materials, or their employment of biblical language. And thirdly, our desire is to trace out distinguishable patterns of usage and development that appear in the various strata of the biblical citations within the New Testament, particularly as seen when compared with Jewish exegetical practices and patterns of roughly contemporaneous times.
Richard N. Longenecker, Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period (2nd ed.; Grand Rapids, Mich.; Vancouver: W.B. Eerdmans; Regent College Pub., 1999), 2.

Because Longenecker is studying how exegesis is done in the “Apostolic Period”, he evaluates other sources contemporary with the New Testament to understand how they use biblical quotations as part of better understanding what is going on in the New Testament. He writes:

I am concerned to have an accurate understanding of both Jewish and Christian hermeneutics during the period under study, believing that each must be seen in its relation to the other. In addition to the New Testament, therefore, we must give close attention to the talmudic literature (Mishnah, Babylonian and Palestinian Gemaras, Midrashim, Tosephta, individual “Sayings” collections, and related codifications), the Targums, the Jewish apocryphal texts (particularly apocalyptic writings), the Dead Sea Scrolls, and Philo. (Longenecker, Biblical Exegesis, 3)

It really is a fascinating book. And it isn’t in any of the Logos 4 (KF) packages. At $19.99 (at time of posting) it is a great book to add to your library and even to read on your iPod/iPad/iPhone.

Leave us a comment and let us know what some of your favorite Apostolic resources are.

Win Logos Software + $1K for Seminary or Bible College: Last Chance to Apply!

Seminary ScholarshipYou only have until Tuesday morning, May 10, 2011 to enter our current seminary scholarship and Bible college scholarship giveaway rounds! Apply once per round—but to increase your chances of winning, tell friends and family to apply as well.

Each winner will receive:

  • $1,000 to cover your tuition costs (paid directly to the seminary or Bible college)
  • Logos Bible Software 4 Scholar’s Library, a digital theological library that would cost nearly $8,000.00 in print equivalent

Increase Your Chances of Winning

The more of your friends who apply, the greater chance you have of being awarded a scholarship! At least two people will win, but possibly up to four.
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Dr. Steven Runge Takes Discourse Grammar on the Road

Logos’ own Steven Runge has been invited to share his discourse grammar course at  Wycliffe Hall at the University of Oxford June 28-July 2, 2011.

Discourse grammar is not just for advanced New Testament scholars, but has proven really useful for beginning Greek students and pastors as well! Runge takes complex linguistic ideas and makes them accessible. His cross-linguistic approach focuses on exegesis instead of translation, helping you gain a much deeper understanding of the Greek text. Attention is given to describing the task accomplished by each discourse device. This function-based approach helps to conceptualize what is happening in Greek by understanding how the comparable task is accomplished in another language. If you’ve had a year of Greek and are comfortable working in an interlinear text, then you’ll benefit from attending.
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Rethinking Theology with the Moody Theological Studies Collection

I need to confess something.

The word “theology” used to freak me out. A few years ago, I couldn’t help but be intimidated by words like “exegetical” and “Septuagint,” not to mention issues like predestination that have been debated for centuries. These ideas seemed so far out of reach.
Moody Theological StudiesAnd since I wasn’t going to be pastor, I figured theology was not something I needed to be concerned about.

Boy, was I wrong.

Theology, which can be loosely defined as how we view God, influences every aspect of our life. Our thoughts about God—whether true or false—not only affect the choices we make, but how we view this world and ourselves.

Studying theology is just another way of saying you want to know God on a deeper level. Once I realized this, the word “theology” became a lot less intimidating. I didn’t need a Ph.D. or a background in Greek and Hebrew (although those are great things); I just needed a place to start.

In hindsight, I wish I could have started with the Moody Theological Studies Collection.

With ten books ranging from 90 to 1,376 pages, you have a concise collection of powerful knowledge that is also easy to read. Firmly rooted in Scripture, the authors address a full spectrum of foundational topics like predestination, worship, missions, spiritual maturity, and even economics!

Whether theology has intimidated you or not, if you have a craving to really know God and understand him, I would take a look at this collection.

Oh, and act quickly! The Moody Theological Studies Collection is on Pre-Pub and is about to go into development. It won’t be this price for long!

Leave us a comment and tell us how your view of theology has matured in recent years.

Enjoy a Free Preview of R. C. Sproul’s John

This week (May 5–May 7, 2011) Logos will be partnering with Ligonier Ministries to offer a free preview of R. C. Sproul’s John. In John, the second volume in the St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary series, Sproul deals with the major themes of John’s Gospel with profound insight. Not only does he give perspective into the cultural context and background of John’s Gospel, he also communicates John’s goals for his message, as well as clearly explaining some of its more difficult passages. In addition to being the fruit of a lifetime of scriptural study, John comes from Sproul’s preaching ministry at St. Andrew’s in Sanford, Florida. The St. Andrew’s Expositional Commentary series adapts Sproul’s sermons for a wider audience. Each of John’s fifty-seven chapters began as a St. Andrews sermon, and as you follow Sproul through John’s Gospel you will be enriched and inspired to a greater depth of devotion to Christ. Continue Reading…

Ten Thought-Provoking John Wesley Quotes

Wesley

Recently, the John Wesley Collection (29 vols.) was placed on Pre-Pub. Not only does it contain the complete Works of John Wesley and Wesley’s Explanatory Notes for both the Old and New Testaments, but it also includes the authoritative eight-volume Journals of the Rev. John Wesley and an expansive, three-volume biography. To celebrate this awesome collection, I’ve put together ten of my favorite John Wesley quotes:

  1. “Every one, though born of God in an instant, yet undoubtedly grows by slow degrees.” —from a letter in the Works of John Wesley

  • “No circumstances can make it necessary for a man to burst in sunder all the ties of humanity. It can never be necessary for a rational being to sink himself below a brute.” —from Thoughts upon Slavery in the Works of John Wesley
  • “When I was young I was sure of everything. In a few years, having been mistaken a thousand times, I was not half so sure of most things as I was before. At present, I am hardly sure of anything but what God has revealed to me.” —from a letter in the Works of John Wesley
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    Our Best Selling Books on Marriage

    married couple

    Here at our headquarters in Bellingham, WA, the sun has just started poking out, tulips are blooming, and love, along with cotton, pollen, and many other allergens, is in the air.

    Hello spring time.

    Spring and summer are the most popular seasons for marriage in our part of the world and we thought it would be helpful to provide some resources for the couples, counselors, and pastors involved in pre-marital counseling.

    We recently went through our entire library of marriage books, grouped them together, and ranked them based on their popularity in the past 15 months.

    A few interesting notes:

    • Because buying a collection gives you the cheapest price-per-book, almost all of our collections outsell individual books.
    • We added many new individual titles in the past year which you may not have seen yet, such as Covenant Marriage by Gary Chapman and God on Sex by Daniel Akin.

    We hope these books will be a source of wisdom and inspiration as you grow in your marriage and encourage new couples to grow in theirs.

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    New Endorsements for the Evangelical Exegetical Commentary

    Endorsements and reviews have begun to come in for Ezra and Nehemiah, the first volume to ship in the Evangelical Exegetical Commentary. Here are a few:

    “Israel Loken has done a masterful job of producing a commentary on Ezra that is exegetically thorough and theologically sound. He brings a solid biblical emphasis to the literary analysis of narrative literature and has combines the best of modern scholarly research with a profound respect for the text as God’s inspired Word. This volume needs to be in the library of any serious student of the Bible.”

    Dr. Charles Dyer
    Professor-at-Large of Bible
    Moody Bible Institute

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    The Thomas Cranmer Collection on Community Pricing

    Canmer
    Today’s guest blogger is Richard Wardman, a Logos-using Assistant Pastor from England currently studying for his MTh.

    About Community Pricing

    Community Pricing is a huge gift from Logos to its users, making some classic works available for bargain prices. Some people (like me, at first) might take one look at the chart, containing all kinds of dots, arrows and numbers, and run a mile. But once you’ve taken the time to investigate what it all means, the idea becomes crystal clear: Customers decide what books Logos produce, and what price they’ll pay (If you’re still confused, there is a great explanation of the program on the website)!

    One recent example would be the three-volume Edwin Hatch Collection. When enough people had placed bids to cover production costs the whole thing went for $8 (that’s under £5 for my fellow Pound Sterling friends). Right now it would cost you $39.95 on Pre-Pub (which is still a 56% savings on these books). That’s a huge saving for anyone who got in early under Community Pricing! Continue Reading…

    Logos 4: Update Logos on the Spur of the Moment

    mp|seminars TipsToday’s post is from Morris Proctor, certified and authorized trainer for Logos Bible Software. Morris has trained thousands of Logos users at his two-day Camp Logos training seminars.

    At Tools | Program Settings you can tell Logos when to search for and download updates.  You can also initiate an update any time you like:

    • Make sure you are connected to the internet
    • Type Update Now in the Command box
    • Press the Enter key
    • A popup “window” indicates if an update has been found
    • After the download completes, restart Logos to install the update

    Remember to check your Logos Home Page for a description of any new features downloaded or a list of updated resources.

    For those of you who have updated recently, leave us a comment and let us know what you think about the new update description reporting.