How it used to be done
When I first began my seminary training in 1992, things were a little different. Doing research meant going to the library and digging through a literal card catalog (yeah, the kind with 3 x 5 cards). I learned about the “usual places” to look for exegetical help: commentaries, journals, Bible dictionaries and encyclopedias and so on. For instance, I wanted to find some discussion about why Jethro is called “Moses’ father-in-law” so many times in Exodus 18 (18x compared to “Jethro” 7x). You see, I had an inquiring mind, but the kinds of questions I came up with were not often discussed in “the usual places.” So now what?
About that time, Sheffield Academic Press began producing a host of wonderful resources–both Old and New Testament–that provided focused discussion of specific passages, themes or issues in a book, ones that did not really fit in with the normal template of a commentary. They also published collections of essays that were thematically related, sometimes focused on a single book of the Bible, other times tracking one theme through a whole testament. There was “gold in them thar hills” as the saying goes, but boy, was it ever some mighty hard digging to find it. It took a lot of work to find a nugget, but wow, was it ever worth it when you found what you were looking for!
At about the same time I began to realize that commentaries are selective. Although commentators are expected to cover certain topics for each passage, sometimes writers will stop and rant about something they are passionate about, oftentimes relegated to a footnote. But these “extended dance versions” comments are hit and miss. They may not even be about the book they are commenting on, but on some other book that is quoted or alluded to! Oh how the times have changed; the search resources available today are astounding in comparison.
The tide turns . . .
So how have things changed? Well to begin with, having an electronic version of the resource opens the door for full-text searches, which is a great thing. But Logos resources go about four or five steps further down the road than your average search engine like Google Books. Every book or resource has been painstakingly analyzed by our Electronic Text Development department. This means that no matter how obscure an abbreviation scheme is used for biblical book (e.g. Ezekiel, Ezek, Ez), no matter what punctuation scheme (e.g. 1:1, 1.1, 11), you’re going to find it, thanks to the festive folks in ETD . Try that using a Kindle or with Google books!
But wait, there’s more! Logos 4 has streamlined the search process by allowing rule-based collections to be built. Collections allow you to do more focused searches or reports. I have all of my commentaries in one collection, all of my grammars in another. Why not separate them by Old/New Testament or by Greek/Hebrew? Because of the rants I mentioned above. Some great nuggets about Acts 2 can be found in commentaries on Joel because of Peter’s quotation in Acts 2:17-21, for example.
Getting the most out of your resources
But it gets even better! Remember the Sheffield resources I mentioned earlier, the ones that have great discussions about passages, but that were terribly hard to find (and that cost you two children and a small aardvark to purchase!)? Adding collections of JSOT, JSNT, or Sheffield Readers into your commentary collections will significantly expand the volume of extended discussions about key passages. The same is true of journal collections like:
- Journal of Biblical Literature
- Journal of Hebrew Scriptures
- Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages
- Semeia: An Experimental Journal for Biblical Criticism (91 Issues)
- Theological Journal Libraries
There are a number of great Old Testament collections from Sheffield that are currently on Pre-Pub:
- Library of Hebrew Bible/OT Studies: JSOTS on Torah (6 Vols.)
- Library of Hebrew Bible/OT Studies: JSOTS on Nevi’im (7 Vols.)
- Library of Hebrew Bible/OT Studies: JSOTS on Ketuvim (7 Vols.)
- JSOTS on Israel and Moses (4 Vols.)
- Library of Hebrew Bible/OT Studies: JSOTS Old Testament Monographs (7 Vols.)
- Studies on the Prophets (16 Vols.)
If your current focus is the New Testament, there are plenty of great collections available as well:
- Studies in New Testament Greek and JSNTS Collection (17 Vols.)
- Library of NT Studies: JSNTS on the Gospels and Acts (16 Vols.)
- Library of NT Studies: JSNTS on Paul (17 Vols.)
- Gospels Studies Collection (10 Vols.)
- Pauline Studies Collection (10 Vols.)
- Perspectives on Paul Collection (8 Vols.)
There is no better platform for “mining” resources like these than Logos 4, period. Whether you are looking for technical discussions for research papers, or for homiletical or devotional material for teaching, you will only find what you have. If you are looking for new resources that will expand your exegetical pool for searching, then take a serious look at these collections. There are great nuggets in them thar hills, and no better tool for finding them than Logos 4!