Syntax Search Example: Fronted Complements

Awhile back, I blogged on Sleepy Disciples. That blog post looked at the predicator (verb) προσεύχομαι and the different adjuncts that modified each of its occurrences in Matthew 26.
Looking at that passage again, I noticed the following embedded clause in the last adjunct in Mt 26.44:

In this embedded clause, the complement is the first thing in the clause. Some would say this is an instance of fronting, where there is non-standard (for narrative, anyway) component order.

It occurred to me that this sort of thing is now searchable, given a syntactic analysis of the text. So I created the below video which explains things a bit more and walks through setting up a syntax search that will locate fronted complements with a headword of λόγος — much like what occurs here in Mt 26.44.


  1. mike aubrey says:

    I’m loving your syntax posts! I’m working my way through trying to learn how to figure such searches myself. And thus, I have a question…
    I recently got married and thus over this past summer. Thus, I’ve been studying and writing on Ephesians 5. What is striking to me is the lack of verb, “????????” twice in verse 22 and in 24 following “????.” I’ve been struggling over how to format my syntax search to discover other places, particularly in Paul’s writings, where such a verbless construction takes place…