Archive - May, 2006

Bible Word Study Report Part IV: Grammatical Relationships (B)

This is the second part of the fourth post in my on-going series on the Bible Word Study report.

This post will look a little further into the Grammatical Relationships section. Our previous foray into the Grammatical Relationships section is here.

To refresh our collective memories, we’re looking at 1Th 2.16. Here it is in the reverse interlinear, with the phrase in question marked up using new Visual Markup features.

We left off the last post by saying:

So ἀναπληρόω means something like “make complete” or “fulfill” or “replace”. We begin to understand the nuance of each of those senses by considering who or what is doing ἀναπληρόω, and to whom or to what ἀναπληρόω is being done. Grammatical Relationships does all of the heavy lifting for you in searching out these usages, categorizing them, and returning them to us grouped by usage context.

So let’s examine the results and see what we can learn about the word ἀναπληρόω.

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Syntax Search Example: Same Word as Subject and Verb

I was reading in 1Th 3.5 the other day and came across the phrase “for fear that somehow the tempter had tempted you” (ESV). Here it is in the ESV NT Reverse Interlinear:

You can see the phrase highlighted using some of our new Visual Markup features. If you click and view the larger picture, you’ll see that the same lexical form (πειράζω) is repeated in the verse. Not only is it repeated, but one instance is the subject of the clause, the other is the predicator (verb) of the clause. The syntax graph from the OpenText.org Syntactically Annotated Greek New Testament shows this a little better:

Is this exegetically significant? Perhaps. But I also had the question — how many other times is the same word used as both subject and verb in the New Testament?

With syntax searching and Logos Bible Software 3, it is a relatively easy question to answer.

As an added bonus, I’ve even included a video of setting up the search. This video is the first in which you’ll hear my “smooth dulcet tones” (as the colleague sitting next to me describes it) narrating the action. You can try the video (Flash, 12 megs, with audio) but be sure to read the description below the fold as well.
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RevInt IV: Reverse Interlinear Bullets

(See also: RevInt I: Reverse Interlinears as Books and RevInt II: Reverse Interlinear Lines and RevInt III: Reverse Interlinear Symbols)

Occasionally, when I assemble a piece of furniture — say for instance a “Jerker” desk from Ikea, like the one that I sit at — I am left with a few odds and ends lying on the floor. Then I scratch my head and wonder, “Do I really need that lock washer?” The real question, of course, is: Do I really want to take the whole thing apart again to figure out where it goes?

Occasionally, when you are reading along in a reverse interlinear, you will encounter some of the nuts and bolts that are left over in the process of assembling the alignment. Here and there will be a round dot (bullet point) in either the original language line or the translation line of a reverse interlinear, indicating that no reasonable equivalent for that word could be found in the other text.

For the most part, our editorial philosophy for making these reverse interlinear alignments has been optimistic. That is, we assume that if the translation committee thinks they’ve translated the original language words of a particular verse, then we assume that they are. The goal, then, is to account for the translation, not to demonstrate elementary principles of Greek/Hebrew/Aramaic grammar. As a result, we give the benefit of the doubt in making links between the words of the original text and the translation. Our editors try — sometimes quite creatively — to account for all of the words in the translation. All of which tends, we hope, to minimize the presence of bullets in the text.

But they do happen, for various reasons.

Does this mean the translation is “bad” where you see bullets? Not necessarily.

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It’s Raining Books

For a bibliophile, it felt like the floodgates of heaven had opened.

On Wednesday, a truck pulled up to our offices 1313 Commercial Street, the driver got out and started loading up his dolly with boxes. He made another trip, then another, and another. When he was finished, there were four or five stacks of boxes, each stack five feet tall…

After a company meeting, Bob invited us to open up the boxes and spread out the wealth of riches on the conference room table. Books! Lots of books. Things got a little crazy after that.

Watch the Video (Windows Media, 2.5MB, 1 minute)

The boxes contained about 450 titles, all licensed from Continuum, all headed your way soon via the Logos pre-publication program.

In fact, these books are just the first shipment…another will follow soon. The 450 titles are part of a license we signed with Continuum for some 2,000+ books—books you’ll be able to add to your digital library in the coming months (and years).
Most of the books in this first batch were originally published by T&T Clark and Sheffield Press.

There are books on theology, NT studies, OT studies, biblical languages, rhetorical studies, church history, gnostic and apocryphal writings, Dead Sea Scrolls studies, Bible introductions/guides, hermeneutics, and more. There truly is something for everyone and I, for one, can’t wait to add these books to my digital library.

Now please don’t call your favorite salesperson to ask whether your favorite book is going to be on the prepub page soon (we haven’t told them and, anyway, they’re pretty busy taking orders for Logos 3).

But please do subscribe to NewsWire if you aren’t already on the list. Then you’ll be sure to hear about the books, and get the best discount as they are put up for pre-order. The first titles and collections from the Continuum license will start appearing on the prepub page within the next week or two.

Let the books rain down!

Bible Word Study Report Part IV: Grammatical Relationships (A)

It is time for the third installment in our series about the Bible Word Study Report (BWS). Parts 1-3 involved:

To refresh our collective memories, we’re looking at 1Th 2.16. So here it is in the reverse interlinear, with the phrase in question marked up using new Visual Markup features.

The information inside Grammatical Relationships allows you to see the different sorts of words or larger clausal units that are commonly (or uncommonly) used with the study word (in our case, ἀναπληρόω).

Word study isn’t only about what the word means, it is also about how the word is used. The Grammatical Relationships section is the only place, apart from your own syntactic searches and study, where this information is presented to you. And it is done automatically, both in the original language and also, through the bridge of Reverse Interlinears, in English.

So let’s begin our look at the Grammatical Relationships section of the report. There is a lot of information here, so we’ll take two articles to work through it.
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RevInt III: Reverse Interlinear Symbols

(See also: RevInt I: Reverse Interlinears as Books and RevInt II: Reverse Interlinear Lines)

There are quite a lot of symbols that you need to master in order to read a reverse interlinear alignment. Each of the symbols is has a popup definition in the Libronix resource, so you won’t have to memorize what they mean, but understanding them in the first place will help you with reverse interlinear fluency.

Nearly all of these symbols are in the original language line; it was decided early on in the reverse interlinear design process that we would try to keep the translation text as uncluttered as possible. After all, it is the top line.

So, let’s take a look at those symbols, shall we?

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Home, Home on the Range

Landon is doing the second leg of the Bible Road Trip; this is his second post from the road (read previous Road Trip posts).

It was quite a unique homecoming this past weekend. You see, I graduated from Rampart High School in Colorado Springs, CO, where I played in the state basketball championship in 1995 and so, I guess it was fitting that the Logos Road Trip stop in Colorado Springs at Village 7 Presbyterian Church was held in their brand new basketball gym (I’m not sure I’ve ever taught in a gym before…) nearly 11 years to the day after I received that diploma.

What a neat experience it was, then, to spend the weekend at the base of Pikes Peak on the front range of the Rocky Mountains showing my wife and daughter some of my old stomping grounds and many of the world famous sights just minutes from our base camp.

We visited my high school and the Wal-Mart where I used to work. We had dinner at my first and hometown Cracker Barrel (where I handily beat Taylor in a game of table checkers, I might add). We drove up and saw the United States Air Force Academy parked the RV in front of the Garden of the Gods and even took Taylor to the “North Pole” to visit Santa’s Workshop.

During one of our stops, we had a gentleman named Michael knock on our window in a parking lot and ask for an order form (what kind of “wings” would that be?) and comparison guide, wishing he hadn’t missed our presentation the night before.

After driving up to Denver to stay Sunday night before our presentation Monday night at Calvary South Denver, we headed up into the mountains a bit to eat at the world-famous (okay, so it’s just famous to the locals) Beau Jo’s pizza where many a skier or snowboarder has contributed his/her own napkin drawing among the many on the old wooden walls of this antique building from the good-old mining days. When they make pizza, it truly is a pie!

Today, we leave the Rocky Mountains behind and head into the plains of Kansas where presentations in Shawnee (outside Kansas City) at Mill Creek Community Church and in Wichita at Calvary Bible Church will bring pastors, teachers, Bible students, and anyone interested in better, more frequent and deeper Bible study out to see the brand-new Logos 3!

Don’t miss it! Right, Michael?

Bible Word Study Report Part III: KeyLinks

We’ve talked about how to start up the report with a Greek word from the ESV English-Greek Reverse Interlinear, and we’ve talked about the report header. Today we talk about the KeyLink section of the Bible Word Study report.

To refresh our collective memories, we’re looking at 1Th 2.16. So here it is in the reverse interlinear, with the phrase in question marked up using new Visual Markup features.

So let’s look at KeyLinks.
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Leaving the West Coast

Landon Norton here from the Bible Road Trip RV with the first of what will inevitably be many entries over the next 5 weeks.

After a one-way plane ride to San Diego to meet Bob Pritchett and relieve him and his family, Kristine, my wife (pregnant with Nicholas Drew – a boy due late July), Taylor (our 19 month old daughter) and I decided to take the RV over to Sea World and the world famous San Diego Zoo for some sightseeing before starting out on our 37-day leg of the Bible Road Trip.

SIDENOTE: We learned a very valuable lesson here about where to park as we had to stop parking lot traffic and complete what must have been the world’s first 27-point turnaround to extricate ourselves from the busy parking lot.
Bushed, we spent the night at Mission Bay RV Park before leaving the west coast as the sun went down behind us on Interstate 8. As we rolled along towards the next Road Trip stops in Phoenix, AZ, we received many curious stares, many picture takers and even one enthusiastically honking youth who had a massive “Jesus Freak – Hard Core” window decal adorning his truck window. We headed east through the desert along the southern border of the United States and little did we know that those 7 hours on the road would be the most relaxing time we would have that weekend.

Pulling in to the Desert’s Edge RV Park at 10:30pm Sunday night, we encountered electrical problems when attempting to “jack” the RV up for the night and were unable to put all the legs down or slide out the living room and bedroom. Calling roadside assistance could not even resolve our 3-legged coach or our cramped quarters overnight because of the late hour so Monday I spent most of the day with a pleasant technician named Chad who finally found and flipped the breaker (now I know where it is for next time!) which reset the electricity to the system and who (after somewhat reluctantly accepting a Logos Bible Software water bottle full of ice-cold water for his help) sent us on our way. Unfortunately, not before the added trauma of Taylor’s first face-to-face meeting with asphalt!

Backing our schedule up this much caused us much distress as we rallied to attend our scheduled event at Stone Creek on Monday night. Audiences there and at Red Mountain Christian Church in Mesa, AZ on Tuesday, the 16th, were excited and thrilled to experience firsthand the myriad of new features and resources in Logos 3 as we spent two evenings in Phoenix studying God’s Word using these amazing, brand-new tools.

We woke up yesterday, with a bit of a reprieve as we had only a short, yet beautiful drive out of the desert basin up to Flagstaff, AZ which sits at over 6000 feet elevation. On the way we had lunch at In-N-Out (if there’s a better burger in America, I haven’t found it!), and visited gorgeous Sedona, AZ, stopping for some pictures of the RV in front of some of the most breathtaking and amazing handiwork our Creator ever touched.

Last night, we were at Hoffmantown Church in Albuquerque, NM to introduce people to this amazing new software and fellowship with long-time users of Logos Bible Software. We are privileged to be a part of such an awesome endeavor for His glory and we look forward to meeting people across the Midwest who are hungry for better bible study and the inevitable impact that it will have on their children, church, community.

We’ll check in again soon…

From the RV,
The Norton Three (+1)
(View more Bible Road Trip photos on our page at Flickr.)

RevInt II: Reverse Interlinear Lines

(See also: RevInt I: Reverse Interlinear Resources)

You can profitably use a reverse interlinear by just reading it. I’ll look into some of the ways that Reverse Interlinears can be used in later posts, but first let’s just look at all the lines of information that are available in the two ESV reverse interlinears.

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